Stuarts : Key individuals and groups

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John Bastwick
Puritan writer. Imprisoned many times for his controversial writings. Ears cut of in 1637 for criticising Laud.
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Bishop Juxon
1933 Bishop of London. 1636 appointed as lord high treasurer
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George Conn
Scottish Roman Catholic priest. Papal agent at the court of Queen Henrietta Maria, and favoured by King. Attempted to convert courtiers to Catholism.
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John Hampden
Politician. Opposed Charles over Ship Money, as argued only parliament was empowered to levy taxes.
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Prince Pupert
Talented Royalist Commander during First Civil war. Series of Successes in early 1644, but defeated at Marston Moor and Naseby.
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Earl of Montrose
Scottish Nobleman and solider. Initially joined the Covenanters, but subsequently supported Charles I as the English Civil War developed.
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John Liburne
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George Fox (Quaker)
English Dissenter and a founder of the Religious Society of Friends
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Thomas Fairfax
General and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War.
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3rd Earl of Essex
Parliamentarian and soldier 1642-46. In 1642 became the first Captain-General and Chief Commander of the Parliamentarian army.
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2nd Earl of Manchester
Parliamentary military commander. 1644 Expressed disapproval of continuing the war.
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War party (political independents)
Wanted to end to war by annihilation and 'liberty of conscience' for protestants. For promotion from lower ranks.Members: Cromwell, Saye and sele, Henry Ireton & Oliver St John
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Peace Party (political Presbyterians)
Wanted to negotiate end to war and Presbyterian church. Against promotion from lower ranks. Members: Manchester, Essex, Denzil Holles
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Agitators / Agents
Elected representatives of soldiers of New Model Army
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General David Leslie
General in Bishops war. Second in charge of the Scottish Covenanter army.
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Henry Burton
English Puritan. Along with John Bastwick and William Prynne, Burton's ears were cut off in 1637 for writing pamphlets attacking the views of Archbishop Laud.
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Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
Secretary of state under Elz I and J I. 1608 lord treasurer. 1610 Great Contract
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Robert Carr
Scottish favourite of James I until 1613. Married Frances Howard. Overbury Scandal
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George Villiers
Favourite of James (16-25) and Charles (1625-1628). Responsible for a series of military failures. Murdered by a solider.
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Henrietta Maria
French Princess married to Charles in 1625. Catholic
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1627, wrote a sermon defending the Divine right of kings. Parliament impeached him. CI responded by giving him a royal pardon and made him a Royal chaplain.
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Sir John Eliot
Member of the House of Commons
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James I
King of England 1603-1625
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Lionel Cranfield
Merchant and Politician. 1618 Keeper of wardrobe. 1619 Master of the Court of Ward and Liveries 1621 became Lord High Treasurer. 1624 IMPEACHED by Commons for Corruption.
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Sir Edward Coke
Politician, lawyer and judge. Frequently spoke out that Common Law as interpreted by Parliament was superior to the Royal Prerogative. Arrested in 1621 for criticising the Spanish Match in the Commons. Lead attempted impeachment of Buckingham '25.
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Francis Bacon
Patron of Buckingham. Become a Privy Councillor in 1616 and Lord Chancellor in 1618. 1621 Impeached for bribery.
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John Felton
Disgruntled solider who assassinated the duke of Buckingham in 1628
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Howard Family
The Howards were crypto-Catholics and part of the Spanish Faction at court.
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Sir John Eliot
Serially imprisoned by Charles I. Imprisoned in 1628 for passing the Three Resolutions. Died 1632 in the Tower Of London, become the first parliamentary Martyr.
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Richard Montagu
1624 wrote 'A New Gage of An Old Goose', in which he stressed the Catholic elements in the Anglican Church and stated that the Church was not Calvinist. This alarmed parliament.
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Anthony Weldon
Author of The Court and Character of King James. Dismissed from the court of James I for reputably writing an anti-Scottish book.
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Produced a sermon on passive obedience. Abbot refused to publish the sermon, as Charles wished. 1628 impeached, and told couldn't preach in court. Charles responded by making Sibthorpe a Royal Chaplin
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Card 2


Bishop Juxon


1933 Bishop of London. 1636 appointed as lord high treasurer

Card 3


George Conn


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Card 4


John Hampden


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Prince Pupert


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