Structure of a synovial joint

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Cartilage
It covers both ends of the bone, forms a smooth surface. Protects bone and reduces friction between bones
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Synovial fluid
Lubricates the cartilage and reduces friction. Forms cushion between bone surfaces, supplies nutrients for cartilage.
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Ligament
Strong bands of tough fibrous tissue. Help to keep joint in place.
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Pads of fat
Found in and around joints and act as shock absorbers
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Bursae
Fluid filled sacs, prevent friction and wear/tear.
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Muscles
Provide force for movement.
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Tendon
Joins the muscle to the bone.
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Voluntary muscle
Focus during movement, under conscious control e.g. bicep.
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Involuntary
Works automatically, control internal organs and processes e.g. digestion
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Cardiac
muscle of heart, works automatically, contracts regularly without tiring, growth occurs with training.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Synovial fluid

Back

Lubricates the cartilage and reduces friction. Forms cushion between bone surfaces, supplies nutrients for cartilage.

Card 3

Front

Ligament

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Pads of fat

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Bursae

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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