Structural Theories on the 'Underclass'

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1. What does Westergaard believe that the cause of the underclass 'falling' from the working class is?

  • Economic strains
  • A lack of human capital
  • A lack of culture
  • Material deprivation
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What percentage of society are in the underclass according to Runciman?

  • 7%
  • 10%
  • 5%
  • 2%

3. Which of these facts about Craine's study of unqualified youths is not true?

  • Ethnographic methods were used
  • The study was conducted in Manchester
  • Craine spent ten years studying the youths
  • Historical documents were observed
  • 39 unqualified youths were studied

4. Who criticised Giddens for ignoring gender and ethnicity but still acknowledges there are labour divisions?

  • Mann
  • Marsland
  • Westergaard
  • Runciman

5. Who argues that the movement from training schemes to parenthood and crime did not create an established underclass?

  • Mann
  • Westergaard
  • Craine
  • Giddens


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