Structural Theories on the 'Underclass'

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1. Which of these facts about Craine's study of unqualified youths is not true?

  • Historical documents were observed
  • Craine spent ten years studying the youths
  • The study was conducted in Manchester
  • Ethnographic methods were used
  • 39 unqualified youths were studied
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What was Runciman's seven class system based on?

  • Levels of human capital
  • Economic divisions
  • Control, power and marketability
  • Cultural deprivation

3. Who argues that there is a dual labour market based on class with the underclass in the secondary market?

  • McDonald and Marsh
  • Marsland
  • Giddens
  • Craine

4. What percentage of society are in the underclass according to Runciman?

  • 10%
  • 5%
  • 7%
  • 2%

5. Who theorizes that marginalisation is due not to personal choice but material deprivation?

  • Craine
  • McDonald and Marsh
  • Mann
  • Westergaard


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