Structural Theories on the 'Underclass'


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1. What does Westergaard believe that the cause of the underclass 'falling' from the working class is?

  • Economic strains
  • A lack of culture
  • Material deprivation
  • A lack of human capital
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Who argues that there is a dual labour market based on class with the underclass in the secondary market?

  • Giddens
  • Marsland
  • Craine
  • McDonald and Marsh

3. Who theorizes that marginalisation is due not to personal choice but material deprivation?

  • McDonald and Marsh
  • Westergaard
  • Mann
  • Craine

4. Who argues that the movement from training schemes to parenthood and crime did not create an established underclass?

  • Mann
  • Craine
  • Giddens
  • Westergaard

5. What was Runciman's seven class system based on?

  • Control, power and marketability
  • Economic divisions
  • Cultural deprivation
  • Levels of human capital

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