Structural Theories on the 'Underclass'

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1. Who criticised Giddens for ignoring gender and ethnicity but still acknowledges there are labour divisions?

  • Runciman
  • Mann
  • Westergaard
  • Marsland
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Who theorizes that marginalisation is due not to personal choice but material deprivation?

  • Craine
  • Westergaard
  • McDonald and Marsh
  • Mann

3. Which of these facts about Craine's study of unqualified youths is not true?

  • 39 unqualified youths were studied
  • Craine spent ten years studying the youths
  • Historical documents were observed
  • Ethnographic methods were used
  • The study was conducted in Manchester

4. Who argues that there is a dual labour market based on class with the underclass in the secondary market?

  • Giddens
  • Marsland
  • Craine
  • McDonald and Marsh

5. What does Westergaard believe that the cause of the underclass 'falling' from the working class is?

  • A lack of human capital
  • Economic strains
  • Material deprivation
  • A lack of culture


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