Stroke

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Define a stroke
A serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off
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What are the two main types/ causes of stroke?
Ischaemic : blood supply is stopped due to a blood clot and hemorrhagic: a weakened blood vessel supplying the brain bursts & causes brain damage
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Give four risk factors (that cannot be changed) for stroke
Age, family history, ethnicity & medical history
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Give four risk factors that accelerate the process of having a stroke
Smoking, hypertension, obesity, high cholesterol levels
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Give the three major symptoms of a stroke
Face may have dropped on one side, may not be able to lift one or both arms due to weakness, speech may be slurred or gargled
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What is a transient ischaemic attack (TIA)?
Where the supply of blood to the brain is tempoarily interrupted, causing a 'mini stroke'. It should be treated seriously as it's a warning sign of a proper stroke happening.
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How long do the symptoms of a TIA last?
A few minutes or hours
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Give five medical interventions
Brain scans, immediate access to a high quality stroke unit, stroke specialised rehab unit, surgery to repair burst blood vessels in the brain (craniotomy), anticoagulants to prevent blood clots.
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Give four lifestyle changes
Quit smoking, eat healthily, exercise regularly, lose weight if overweight/ obese.
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Give four physical impacts of having a stroke
Weakness or paralysis, may have to see a physiotherapist, sessions of physio to regain muscle strength & control, may have problems with understanding (brain damage).
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Give four intellectual impacts of having a stroke
Difficulty with communication (verbal and written), spatial awareness affected, memory loss, concentration affected
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Give two emotional impacts of having a stroke
May develop an anxiety disorder, upset/ angry etc
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Give three social impacts of having a stroke
Will need support from family and friends, friends/ family help to motivate patient to achieve goals, friends/ family adapting to new needs eg. speaking slower
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Give two financial impacts of having a stroke
Car parking fees, may have to give up work or take time off
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Give two financial impacts of having a stroke
car parking fees, may have to l
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the two main types/ causes of stroke?

Back

Ischaemic : blood supply is stopped due to a blood clot and hemorrhagic: a weakened blood vessel supplying the brain bursts & causes brain damage

Card 3

Front

Give four risk factors (that cannot be changed) for stroke

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give four risk factors that accelerate the process of having a stroke

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give the three major symptoms of a stroke

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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