Stress key studies

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Kiecolt-Glaser et al (1984)
Blood samples of medical students one month befor and during their final exams. Found that NK cells were lower during exam period (lowered immune response)
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Segerstrom and Miller
Meta-analysis of 293 studies over 30 years = short term stressors - boost immune system, long term stressors - supressed it
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Rahe et al
2664 sailors - small but positive correlation between scores on SRE scale (measuring stress) and illness at sea
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Holmes and Rahe
Developed SRRS - events given life change units (LCU) e.g. marriage = 50
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Bouteyre et al
Found positive correlation between daily hassles and depressive symptoms of 0.33
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Gervais
Studied nurses - found that daily hassles increased job strain and decreased job performance
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Marmot et al
10,308 civil servants - low job control = more likely to develop CHD
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Johansson et al
Swedish sawmill workers vs control group of cleaners = finishers had higher workload, more days off and more adrenaline
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Naylor and Malcomson
Female and young teachers more likely to be stressed with high workload
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Melchior
Low job control = depression and anxiety
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Freidman and Rosenman
Of 3000 men, after 8 years 2x men with Type A personalities had died of CHD compared to Type B men
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Myrtek
Meta-analysis - relationship between Type A and CHD is minimal, but relationship between hostility and CHD much higher
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Denollet et al
Type D personalities more vulnerable to CHD (Type D = high anxiety and depression, low social support)
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Kobasa et al
259 business execs. assessed stressful life events over 2yrs - hardiness most likely to reduce stress symptoms
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Meichenbaum
Used SIT to cure ppts. with snake phobia
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Meichenbaum(2)
Also useful for short term stressors e.g. preparing patients for surgery
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Lindquist
Men used more maladaptive methods at coping with stress that SIT struggles to deal with e.g. alcoholism
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Kahn et al
Benzodiazepines more effective at dealing with stress over 8 weeks than a placebo
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Lockwood
Beta-blockers effective at reducing performance anxiety in musicians
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Segerstrom and Miller

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Meta-analysis of 293 studies over 30 years = short term stressors - boost immune system, long term stressors - supressed it

Card 3

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Rahe et al

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Card 4

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Holmes and Rahe

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Card 5

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Bouteyre et al

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