Stress in everyday life - studies

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Holmes and Rahe (SRRS)
Social Readjustment Rating System - 43 life events based on 5000 patients records - Created LCU's on how stressful patients found life events.
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Rahe et al.
SRRS - Naval men - 2700 - Questionnaire on experiences over the last 6 months - LCU score was positively collerated with illness - +118
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Life changes and daily hassles - Lazarus (1990)
Major life changes are rare - minor daily stressors are the problem of stress
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Daily Hassles - Bouteyre et al (2007)
school to uni- psych students- 41% suffered depressive symptoms - risk factor.
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Daily Uplifts - Gervais (2005)
nurses-diary 1 month-record hassles/uplifts-own performance-hassles increase job strain/decrease job performance-opposite for uplifts.
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Accumulation Effect - Lazarus (1999)
accumulation of minor stressors creates irritations,frustrations and overloads-results in more stress stress reactions-anxiety and depression
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Amplification Effect
chronic stress = makes people vulnerable to hassles-person is already in distress,minor things will irritate them more.
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Workload and control - Marmot et al (1997)
job strain model of workplace stress-7372 civil servants-questionnaire-on workload,job control,amount of social support-no link between workload and stress related illness-low levels of job control-more likely to develop heart disease.Eval
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1. Evaluation point for Marmot et al (1997)
Most focuses on workload rather than underload - neg rather than pos.
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2. Evaluation point for Marmot et al (1997)
Workplace stress = likely to cause depression
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3. Evaluation point for Marmot et al (1997)
Rapidly comes out of date - 1997 - external validity - can't be generalised.
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SRRS - Naval men - 2700 - Questionnaire on experiences over the last 6 months - LCU score was positively collerated with illness - +118

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Rahe et al.

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Major life changes are rare - minor daily stressors are the problem of stress

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Card 4

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school to uni- psych students- 41% suffered depressive symptoms - risk factor.

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Card 5

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nurses-diary 1 month-record hassles/uplifts-own performance-hassles increase job strain/decrease job performance-opposite for uplifts.

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