Stress research studies

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Hans Selye (1936)
GAS system - gave rats daily placebo injections and studied their reaction. Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion
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Krantz et al (1991)
Stress and the heart - 39 ps completed 1/3 stressful tasks (eg public speaking). showed the higher the stress the higher their blood pressure and blood vessel contraction
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Brady et al (1958)
Stress and the immune system - shocked moneys every 20 secs for 6 hour sessions. the 'excecutive' money could postpone the shocks. this money got ulcers and died from the stress.
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Kiecolt-Glaser et al (1995)
Wound healing - punch biopsy in 13 female alzheimer carers. they took 9 days longer to heal than controls
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Holmes and Rahe (1967)
SRRS - 5000 records collected life events which lead to illness. 43 events rated in severity using life change units (LCU)
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Rahe et al (1970)
LCU and illness - 25000 American navy seamen given SRRS form based on last 6 months. the higher the LCU score the higher the likelihood of illness over the next 7 months
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Kranner et al (1981)
Everyday life - 100 ps completed a questionnaire every month on 117 irritants. they stated which they'd experienced and its severity, this lasted 9 months. weight and money worries were most common and could be seen to link to illness
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Marmot et al (1997)
Workplace control and illness - 7000 civil service employees in London surveyed on their grade, control support etc. a lower grade and control = cardio problems 5 years later. lowest grade = $X likely to die from heart attack than highest grade
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Frankenhaeuser (1975)
Sawmill workers - 2 groups of sawmill workers, 1 had a repetitive, noisy, isolating task. they had more stress hormones in their urine and higher blood pressure
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Friedman and Rosenman (1974)
Type A personality - 3000 39-59 american males assessed using interviews and questionnaires. 8 yars later 257 had developed CHD, 70% were type A
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Kobasa (1979)
Hardiness - commitment, challenge, control.
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Taylor et al (2000)
Gender - women tend to befriend rather than fight/flight. could be biological or social
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Vogele et al (1997)
Gender - men feel anger is an acceptqable response to stress. could be biology or social
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Morris (1953)
Exercise - compared bus conductors and drivers. conductors had lower cardio problems
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Kahn et al (1986)
Bz evaluation - found Bzs were superior to a placebo on 250 ps over 6 weeks
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Attanasio et al (1985)
biofeedback - helped teenagers and children gain control over symptoms e.g. headaches. they also became more enthusiastic
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Meichenbaum
Stress Inoculation Training - involves preparation: conceptualisation, skill acquisition and rehearsal, application and follow through.
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Maddi
Hardiness training - focusing, reliving stressful encounters, self-improvement
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Maddi et al (1998)
Hardiness evaluation - 54 manager who had hardiness training recorded an increase in hardiness and job satisfaction, and decrease in stress and illness
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Ellis (1962)
Rational-Emotive Therapy - activating event, which leads to belief and consequence. focuses on changing belief
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Beck (1963)
Cognitive therapy - themselves, the world, the future
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Proudfoot et al (1997)
cognitive evaluation - found it was useful for the psychological effects of unempployment
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Card 2

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Stress and the heart - 39 ps completed 1/3 stressful tasks (eg public speaking). showed the higher the stress the higher their blood pressure and blood vessel contraction

Back

Krantz et al (1991)

Card 3

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Stress and the immune system - shocked moneys every 20 secs for 6 hour sessions. the 'excecutive' money could postpone the shocks. this money got ulcers and died from the stress.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

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Wound healing - punch biopsy in 13 female alzheimer carers. they took 9 days longer to heal than controls

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

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SRRS - 5000 records collected life events which lead to illness. 43 events rated in severity using life change units (LCU)

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