Stalin and the purges

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  • Created by: katewells
  • Created on: 31-05-16 15:11
When did the party congress elect Stalin to be leader of the party?
1924
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What happened as a result of Stalin becoming leader?
Trotsky's influence declined
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When was Trotsky dismissed as commissar for war?
1925
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When was Trotsky excluded from the central committee?
1926
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When was Trotsky expelled from the communist party?
1927
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When did Trotsky exile and where?
1929 to Mexico
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When was Trotsky assassinated and who by?
1940 by a Soviet agent with an ice pick
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When did Stalin get rid of Kamenev and Zinoviev?
1926
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When did Stalin get rid of Bukharian?
1929
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What did Stalin set out to do in the 1920's?
Eliminate any rivals to power
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What happened between 1932-5?
The Chistka
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What was the Chistka?
When 20% of party members were expelled non-violently as they were people who had joined the party for their own advantage rather than ideological reasons
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What were the show trials?
When old Bolsheviks were publically tried and executed
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What did the government use the show trials as?
Propoganda as they were filmed and show in cinemas
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What happened from 1937-8?
The Yezhovshchin
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What was the Yezhovshchin?
Period were thousands of party members and members of the armed forces were denounced and imprisoned or executed/ sent to labour camps
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Yezhov drew up a list of how many anti-soviet elements?
250,000
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What were the 1930's purges?
From 1936 Stalin set out removing all leading party member who had taken part in the 1917 revolution
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Who was murdered in December 1934?
Krirov
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What did Stalin use to murder of Kirov as?
An excuse to hunt traitors
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What happened to those accused of trying to kill Kirov?
They were put on trial, found guilty and shot
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What happened to those who were tortured?
The confessed and were put of show trials
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How many of Lenin's original committee survived?
2 including Stalin
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How many lower ranking communists were shot or put in prison?
1 million
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What were the red army officers accused of?
Being Nazi spies so were shot
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How many admirals were murdered?
8
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How many army commanders were murdered?
14/16
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How many corp commanders were murdered?
60/67
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Which two heads of the NKVD were murdered?
Yezhov and Yagonda
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How many were sent to labour camps?
20 million (50% died)
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What did Stalin's second wife do after she protested against his actions?
Committed suicide
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Card 2

Front

What happened as a result of Stalin becoming leader?

Back

Trotsky's influence declined

Card 3

Front

When was Trotsky dismissed as commissar for war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was Trotsky excluded from the central committee?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was Trotsky expelled from the communist party?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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