sports psychology

personality
the patterns of thoughtof feelings and they way in which we interact with our environment and other people that makes us unique
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stable personality
a trait of someone who doesn't swing from one emotion to another but usually constant in their emotional behaviour
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neurotic personality
unstable, characteristic of someone who is highly anxious and unpredictable emotions
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extroversion
personality trait of someone who seks social interactions liking excitment and lacking concentration
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introversion
person who will not seek social situations and likes peace and quiet good at concentrating
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reticular activating system (RAS)
determines if someone is introvert or extrovert, an extroverts RAS will inhibit effects of external sensory stimuli leading the brainb to have low arousal levels so they seek more external stimuli to achieve higher internal arousal
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Narrow band approach
made up of type a and type b personalities
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type A personality
is impatient, intolerant and has high levels of stress
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type B personality
someone who is relaxed tolerant and has low levels of stress
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state anxiety
felt in particular situations there are two types of state anxiety somatic and cognitive
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somatic anxiety
anxiety shown in bodily response i.e. sweating, increased pulse
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cognitive anxiety
anxiety shown in psychological worry
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social learning
a theory that says that personalities are shaped by those around us and we adopt their personalities
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interactionalist approach
a theory that says that we are born with certain personalities but some can be modified by interacting with the environment- behaviour = function (personality X environment)
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attitude
a predisposition to act in a particular way towards something or someone in a persons environment.
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prejudice attitude
opinion based on false inflexible generalization
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the triadic model
made up of believs (cognitive element) emotions (effective element) and behavioural element
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beliefs
formed through past experiences by what we learn from others
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emotional
whetehr we like ofr dislike something is based onpast experiences
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behaviour
is not consistant with our atitudes e.gf. we may say exercise is good for us yet not exercise often
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persuasive communication
to persuade we mus think about the person doing the persuading, the quality of the message and the characteristics of who is being persuaded
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cognitive dissonance
the disagreement withing our mind if a new belief takes over an old one
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drive theory
a linear realationship between arousal and performance which are directly proprtionaly to one another, to do with domninant responses
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dominant responses
behaviors that are most likely to occur, if the dominant learned response is correct then perofmranc is enhanced but a beginners dominant response may be incorrect and could decrease performance if increased
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drive reduction
an indivudual may be motivated to complete a task whcih can be seen as a 'drive' when that drive is fulfilled then the drive is reduced as they lose motivation
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catastrophe theory
as cognitive anxiety increase it helps performance if somatic anxiety is low, arousal rises till optimum amnd then sees an extreme decline, where performer either gives up or gets back.
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inverted u theory
arousal increases so does performance to a point this is the optimum, where performance is best at the moderate arousal beyond this point they are too aroused and capacity to learn or perform decreases
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under aroused
difficult to direct and focus on relevent environment cues attention field of performance is too wide
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over aroused
excessive degree of activation, high anxiety, limited capacity for learning and performing excesive narrow field of attention relevant environment cues are missed
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optimum arousal
perfect state for performance, attention fieldat ideal width,. good level of concentration so selective attention is correct
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social facilitation
positive influence of others who may be competing or watching sport performance
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social inhibition
influence of the presence of others having a detrimental effect of sport performance
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coaction effect
effect of others performing the same activity- the other performers are known as co-actors
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evalitaltion apprehension
cottrell said that its not just the presence of co-actors or audiences yet also the presence of others that might have a calming effect yet increased arousal if they are being judged
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a trait of someone who doesn't swing from one emotion to another but usually constant in their emotional behaviour

Back

stable personality

Card 3

Front

unstable, characteristic of someone who is highly anxious and unpredictable emotions

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

personality trait of someone who seks social interactions liking excitment and lacking concentration

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

person who will not seek social situations and likes peace and quiet good at concentrating

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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