sport

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muscular endurance
the ability of the muscles to repeatedly contract
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plateuing
where progress seems to halt within a training programme and it takes some time to move onto the next level
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training zone
the range of the heart rate withing which a specific training effect will take place
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body composition
the % of body weight that is fat muscle and bone
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musculature
the system or arrangement of muscles on a body
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recreational
relaxing and enjoying oneself wile performing as games sports or hobbies
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local muscle fatigue
when a muscle or group of muscles is unable to carry on contracting so just stops
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bronchitis
inflammation of the air passages between the nose and lungs
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eccentric
when the muscle gradually lengthens and returns to normal length
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knowledge of performance
how well the performance was carried out rather than just the end result
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origin
the end of the muscle attatched to the fixed bone
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insertion
the end of the muscle attached to the bone that moves
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joints
a connection point between two bones where movement occurs
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5 functions of the skeletal system
movement, support for muscles, maintains shape, protection, blood cell production to bone marrow
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3 types of contraction
concentric, eccentric, isometric
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climatic
relating to the weather conditions
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challenge
a test of your ability or resources in a demanding situation
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concentric
when the muscle shortens (or bulges)
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benefits of exercising
improves body shape, removes stress, helps you to sleep better, reduces chance of getting diseases, improves strength and skill
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long term effects of alcohol
liver damage, muscles and heart, damages mentality and immune system
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repetition maximum
max weight you can lift once
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synovial
fluid in the joint cavity
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quadriceps
group of 4 muscles on the upper front of the leg
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exercise
activity that require physical, mental exertion
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fitness
good health condition as a result of exercise and proper nutrition
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open skills
occur in situations that are changing where skills may have to be adapted
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skeletal muscle
make the majority of muscles move through conscious effect
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involuntary muscle
cant control, have to keep contracting to allow crucial body functions to continue - intestine
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isometric
no actual movement, joints are stable- plank, wallsit
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agonist (prime mover)
the working muscle
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antagonist
the stretching muscle or relaxed muscle
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private enterprise
a privatley owned business not regulated in the same way as a state owned organisation
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pulse
a recording of the rate per minute at which the heart beats
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heart rate
number of times your heart beats in one minute which is one contraction and one relaxation of the heart
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whole school approach
something that is essentially part of everything a school does
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economic wellbeing
having sufficient income for basic necessities
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carbohydrate loading
(5 days before event) increase intake of carbohydrate the body stores it in the muscles as glucose which means we can exercise for longer (aerobically)
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boycott
not using or dealing with something out of protest
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blood pressure
the force of the circulating blood on the walls of the arteries
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articulation
a movable joint between inflexible parts of the body
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apprehensive
fearful about the future
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

where progress seems to halt within a training programme and it takes some time to move onto the next level

Back

plateuing

Card 3

Front

the range of the heart rate withing which a specific training effect will take place

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the % of body weight that is fat muscle and bone

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the system or arrangement of muscles on a body

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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