Sport and Society Key Terms

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Social
our community, in this context
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Cultural
the set of beliefs and customs that leads us to behave in a particular way within our community
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Social Class
a group defined by their status within a community, the class that a person may belong to is defined by economic success, as well as family background, who your friends are and education level
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Pedestrianism
a form of nineteenth century competitive walking
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Amateur
a person who competes in sports activities but does not receive monetary reward for participating
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Professional
a person who competes in sports activities and earns an income by participating
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Public School
a place of education of old standing which the sons of gentlemen traditionally attended in large numbers and continue to attend from 8 - 18 years of age
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Athleticism
a combination of physical endeavour, or trying hard, and moral integrity, or being honourable, truthful and showing good sportsmanship
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Social Mobility
the changes in wealth, education and occupation over a person's lifetime
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Socio-Economic
relating to or concerned with the interaction of social and economic factors, economic circumstances can affect social experiences, and vice versa
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Globalisation
a process that involves sport as a worldwide business and features corporate brands, media coverage, and freedom of movement of sports participants, officials and spectators
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Golden Triangle (sport, sponsorship, media)
the interdependence and influences of the three factors of sport, sponsorship and media - once aspect influences the other two an vice versa
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Propaganda
a type of communication that seeks to influence people towards a certain philosophy, the information given as part of this communication is biased towards a certain belief or set of values
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Apartheid
a range pf policies of racial segregation under a system of legislation
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Ethics
rules that dictate an individual's conduct, they form a system of rules that groups and societies are judged on, an ethic in sport would be that athletics sticks to eat spirit of the rules of the game
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Deviance
a word that describes unacceptable behaviour within a culture, any behaviour that differs from the perceived social or legal norm is seen as a deviance
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Blood Doping
defined by the WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) as the misuse of techniques and / or substances to increase one's red blood cell count
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Ergogenic Aids
external influences that are intended to improve athletic performances
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Violence
intense physical force that is directed towards harming another individual or groups of individuals and can cause injury or death
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Deindividuation
when you lose your sense of being an individual, this can cause violent behaviour
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Match Fixing
when a sports competition is played to a completely or partly pre-determined result, this is against the law, match fixing requires contacts to be made between corrupt players, coaches and team officials
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Spot Fixing
when a specific aspect of a sports competition is illegally pre-determined -- for example, a football player being sent off at a particular time during the game
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Spectatorship
the act of watching something without taking part; often related to sports spectators
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Commodity
an article that can be traded, in this case sport is the article that can be sold to different media outlets or to companies that this to associate their brand with a particular sport
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Golden Triangle
the interdependence and influences of the three factors of sport, sponsorship and the media - that an aspect of one influences the other two and vice versa
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UK Sport
an organisation whose aim is the development of the country's sportsmen and women (athletes), it is funded jointly by the government and the National Lottery
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National Institutes of Sport
work with coaches and sports administrators to help improve their athletes' performance
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Prosthetic
an artificial device that substitutes or supplements a defective part of the body
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Hypoxic Chamber
a sealed room that stimulates high altitude
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Precision Hydration
the monitoring of sodium loss during sweating leading to more effective replacement in the body of essential salts
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Gene Therapy
the use of genes and genetic elements to treat human disease
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Punditry
typically, a knowledgeable or experienced person, who through the media, offers their opinion, guidance or commentary on a particular sport
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Motion Capture Analysis
the process of recording and then analysing the movement of objects or people
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the set of beliefs and customs that leads us to behave in a particular way within our community

Back

Cultural

Card 3

Front

a group defined by their status within a community, the class that a person may belong to is defined by economic success, as well as family background, who your friends are and education level

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a form of nineteenth century competitive walking

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a person who competes in sports activities but does not receive monetary reward for participating

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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