Spontaneous Spoken Language Features

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Fillers/ voiced pause
Sying 'umm' or 'err' for thinking time
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Pauses
(.) or (2) show that the speaker is thinking but can also be used for rhetorical use
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Repetition
A way of taking over the tuen taking. A way of making sure people hear you are speaking
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Repair/ Self Correction
Sign of a mistake- suggests that the person hasn't planned what they are saying and it is therefore spontaneous.
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False Starts
When the speaker changes their mind about what they are going to say eg. "You need to what I think would be a good idea is"
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Elision
When words or sounds are omited so two words are now joined together eg 'dunno'
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Elongated Words
To give thinking time. Can convey a wide range of emotions eg. boredom/ sadness/excitement. Eg. "oh noooooooooo"
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Stressed Word
A prosodic feature used to draw attention and create a contrast (stressed words are often in bold"
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Simple, monosyllabic lexis
Regular use of unsophisticated vocabulary that is short and simple eg 'ok' 'got' 'want'
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Colloquialisms
The use of words and phrases commonly heard in informal speech but often avoided in writing. Eg. 'pretty' in "pretty good" and 'old' in "my old man"
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Use of slang
Such as 'bill' for the police. Shows the speaker is relaxed.
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Hedges
Making something seem less certain eg. 'thingy' or 'and that'
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Personal Pronouns
Talking about yourself 'I' 'we' 'us'
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Term of Address
The way you address someone eg 'Mummy' can say a lot about the relationship between the speaker and listener
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Monitors
Words or phrases used by the speaker to check that the listener is still listening. Eg. 'ok?'
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Markers of sympathetic circularity
Words and phrases used to signal the assumption that both people share an understanding of what is being said 'You know?'. It is also a filler and a monitor
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Idiomatic expressions
Common expressions where the meanings of the words arent actually the meanings of what is being implied eg. 'she hit the roof'
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Dialect
Words associated with a certain group of people. Also called jargon.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

(.) or (2) show that the speaker is thinking but can also be used for rhetorical use

Back

Pauses

Card 3

Front

A way of taking over the tuen taking. A way of making sure people hear you are speaking

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Sign of a mistake- suggests that the person hasn't planned what they are saying and it is therefore spontaneous.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When the speaker changes their mind about what they are going to say eg. "You need to what I think would be a good idea is"

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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