Spoken Language

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contraction
a reduced form of a word often marked by an apostrophe in writing
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deixis
words that are context dependant. They are a sort of verbal pointing.
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Dialect
the distinctive grammar or vocabulary associated with a regional use of a language
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Elision
the omission of slurring of one or more sounds or syllables
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Filler
Items which do not carry conventional meaning but are inserted into speech to allow time to think, to create a pause or to hold a a turn ina conversation
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Co-operative signals
words, phrases and non-verbal utterances used by the listener to to give feedback to the speaker
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Discourse marker
Words and phrases which are used to signal the relationship and connections between utterances and to signpost that what is said can be followed by the listener or the reader
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Grice's Maxims
Conversational 'rules' for successful conversation: quantity, relevance, manner, quality
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Adjacency pairs
parallel expressions used across the boundaries of individual speaking turns.
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Ellipsis
The omission of part of of a grammatical structure. Usually misses part of the sentences such as 'I' or 'you'
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Hedge
words and phrases which soften or weaken the force with which something is said or avoiding a subject
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False start
this is when the speaker begins and utterance then stops and either repeats or reformulates it
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Interactional talk
language in conversation used for interpersonal reasons and/or socialising
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tag question
Strings of words normally added to a declarative statement to turn it into a question
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Vague language
Statements that sounds imprecise and unassertive
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Paralinguistic features
related to body languages. The use of gestures, facial gestures, or other non-verbal elements
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Non-fluency features
Typical and normal characteristics of spoken language that interrupt the flow of talk.
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utterances
A complete unit of talk, bound by the speakers silence
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Turn taking
A time during which a single participant speaks, within a typical, orderly arrangement in which participants speak with minimal overlap and gap between them.
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Transactional talk
Language to get things done or to transmit content or information
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Phatic talk
Conversational utterances that have no concrete purpose other than to establish or maintain personal relationship
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Repairs
An alteration that is suggested or made by the speaker in order to correct or clarify a previous conversational contribution
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Prosodic features
includes features such as stress, rhythm, pitch and tempo
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

words that are context dependant. They are a sort of verbal pointing.

Back

deixis

Card 3

Front

the distinctive grammar or vocabulary associated with a regional use of a language

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the omission of slurring of one or more sounds or syllables

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Items which do not carry conventional meaning but are inserted into speech to allow time to think, to create a pause or to hold a a turn ina conversation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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