Spoken langaage terminology

HideShow resource information
adjacency pair
Dialogue that follows a set pattern, e.g when speakers greet each other
1 of 47
adjacency pairs
pairs of utterances that form the building blocks of a conversation, e.g question and anwser
2 of 47
anaphora
When a word, usually a pronoun, refers back to something or someone that has already been mentioned, e.g Barrie cant come because HE'S ill
3 of 47
back-channelling
A kind of feedback in spoken language that supports the person speaking and shows that what is being said is understood
4 of 47
clipping
when a shortened version of a word becomes a word in its own right
5 of 47
closed question
Short anwser question
6 of 47
colloquialism
An informal word or phrase that wouldn't normally be used in formal written English. e,g how's it going mate?
7 of 47
deixix
A reference to something outside of the text or conversation that can't be understood unless you know the context
8 of 47
dialect
The destinctive lexis and grammer of a person's spoken english
9 of 47
dipthong
Two vowel sounds that are joined together to form one sound, e.g the a in late is a dipthong as it starts with an e phoneme and finisheson an I
10 of 47
Elision
when sounds or syllables are slurred together in speech to make pronunciation easier and quicker
11 of 47
ellipsis
When part of a grammatical structure is left out of the sentence without affecting the meaning
12 of 47
elucidation
Is when a speaker clarifies a point of information, e.g "what i mean is" or " i think what Sarah means is"
13 of 47
evaluating
Is when a speaker offers judgements by supporting or opposing what another speaker has said
14 of 47
face needs
using language that caters for peoples feelings
15 of 47
false starts
Occur when an utterance is started in one way, is unfinished and then completley abandoned for another structure
16 of 47
filler
A sound produced by speakers to keep a conversation going and avoid silence
17 of 47
glottal stop
A sound produced when the vocal cords interrupt the flow of air, often o replace a t sound, e,g water becomes wah-uh
18 of 47
hedges
Are linguisitic forms such as ' i think' 'im sure' 'you know' which express the speakers certainty and uncertainty about the topic under discussion
19 of 47
hesitations
Are sounds which aren't words which are used to fill pauses. In Britain, these sounds tend to be represented by er, erm and em
20 of 47
idiolect
An individuals accent and dialect features, as a result of their personal upbringing and experience
21 of 47
idiom
A saying that doesn't make sense if interpreted literally but is understood becaause it's commonly used, e.g i could eat a horse
22 of 47
initiators
Like 'well' 'ok' 'right' signal that a person is about to speak
23 of 47
interrogative
A sentence or utterance that asks a question
24 of 47
interruptions
Are violations of the turn-taking rules of conversation
25 of 47
jargon
Specialist words that are used by a particular social or occupational group that may not be understood by a non-member
26 of 47
Latch on
Occurs when the second speaker leaps in immediately after the first speaker has completed an utterance without even time for a micropause
27 of 47
minimal response
such as 'mm' or 'yeah' are a way of indicating the listeners positive attention to the speaker, so supporting the speaker in their choice of topic. A delayed minimal response may slightly signify a lackof interest
28 of 47
monitoring features
such as 'you know' and 'do you know what i mean' are used by the speaker to check that she she/he is saying is being heard
29 of 47
neologisms
new words, often created by advances in things like technology and science
30 of 47
open question
Question seeking a lengthy response
31 of 47
overlaps
are instances of slight over anticipation by the next speaker, withthe next speaker beginning to speak at the very end of the current speakers turn
32 of 47
paralingusitc features
Gestures or facial expressions that emphasise words or phrases in spoken communication
33 of 47
Pause fillers
fillin what could be an embarrasing silence with extra words
34 of 47
phatic language
Expressions that have a social function rather expressing serious meaning, e.g hello
35 of 47
phonetics
the study of how speech sounds are made and recieved
36 of 47
recycling
is simular to repetition but involves a hitch in production where the initial sounds(s) of a word are repeated before the speaker managed to get the word out . it is quite normal for this to happen on occasion.
37 of 47
redundancy
is when a speaker gives more information than is strictly necessary
38 of 47
repetition
in this context is unintentional and involves the repetition of idenitical words and structures next to eachother
39 of 47
self corrections
are where the speaker realises that he/she has made a mistake and corrects it
40 of 47
simultaneous speech
occurs when two or more people are speaking at the same time
41 of 47
slang
informal, non-standard english
42 of 47
soliciting
is when a speaker meakes a specifc demand of his/her listener
43 of 47
tag question
A question added to the ed of a statement to encourage a repsonse
44 of 47
turn-taking
is when 2 or more participants in a conversation tkae turns to respond appropriately to each others utterances
45 of 47
vague completers
such as 'and all that' or 'and everything' are used to round off an utterance
46 of 47
warrenting
is an expression of the degree of certainty a speaker feels about a subject using phrases such as ' of course' 'obviosly' 'indeed'
47 of 47

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

adjacency pairs

Back

pairs of utterances that form the building blocks of a conversation, e.g question and anwser

Card 3

Front

anaphora

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

back-channelling

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

clipping

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all spoken language resources »