Speech Keywords AQA Eng Lang B

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Duality of Patterning
Humans have the ability of making speech sounds and joining them together to form words.
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Phonetics
The study of sound systems in language.
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Phonemes
Use of sound in language.
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Accent
The way in which words are pronounced. Can vary according to speaker's region or social class. (purely phonological-found in certain geographical areas)
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Sociolect
A set of language features identifiable within a particular social group/class (not geographical)
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Occupational Dialect
A set of language features associated with a job or profession.
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Code Switching
Adapting your speaking style to match the social situation
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Accommodation Theory
Suggests that people shift their language to meet the needs of others who they are speaking to (making it easier for them)
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Convergence
Moving your own speech style close to the speech style of the person you are conversing with (can be upward,downward or mutual)
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Divergence
Moving your speech style further away from that of the person you are conversing with (can be upwards, downwards or mutual)
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Recieved Pronunciation
The 'poshest' way of speaking ie. 'BBC English' or 'Queens English'
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Standard English
What the authorities have come to agree as the most prestigous form of the English Language
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Utterance
Verbal equivalent of a sentence
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Adjacency Pairs
Parallel expressions, eg: Q&A or greetings and greetings. A speaker's response logically follows that of the previous utterance.
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Agenda Setting
The negotiation or control of the subject discussed in conversation
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Card 2

Front

The study of sound systems in language.

Back

Phonetics

Card 3

Front

Use of sound in language.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The way in which words are pronounced. Can vary according to speaker's region or social class. (purely phonological-found in certain geographical areas)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A set of language features identifiable within a particular social group/class (not geographical)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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