Specification 2015

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How can age affect the body?
Strength, speed, cardiovascular endurance, agility and flexibility all decrease. It also takes longer for bones to recover
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How does age divisions in sport affect performance?
Makes competition fair and avoids risk of injury
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How does gender affect performance?
Men stereotypically are stronger, faster and more cardiovascular endurance
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What is the metabolic rate?
The speed at which chemical reactions take place in the body
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In gymnastics, what are boys more suited to physically?
Boys have greater strength levels so therefore are at an advantage on rings and parallel bars
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What is an endomorph? Give a sporting example
Person with wide hips, wide shoulders and a high body fat percentage. For example rugby
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What is a mesomorph? Give a sporting example
A person with broad shoulders, muscular limbs and little fat. For example games players (hockey,football etc)
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What is ectomorph? Give a sporting example
Someone with narrow shoulders and hips with little muscle or fat. Example: rhythmic gymnast or dancer
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How does your environment affect you as a performer?
Access to facilities will influence the ability to participates in an activity
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What is the difference in time for amateur and professional performers?
Professional performers train constantly and it is a full-time job. Amateur performers have to fit training in
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What is fatigue?
A feeling of extreme physical or mental tiredness
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How can fatigue affect performance?
It can mean: loss of concentration, drop in skill levels, injury, loss of balance
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What is stress?
How the body reacts to a change
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What is an introvert?
A quiet person, usually prefers individual sports
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What is an extrovert?
An outgoing, confident person, usually prefers team sports
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What can stress result in?
Tension, Anxiety, Lack of motivation
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What can tedious training and competitions lead to?
Boredom
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What is an internal injury defined as?
An overuse of a body part or as a result of stretching or turning suddenly
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What can an external injury be due to?
Foul play, poor technique, faulty or damaged equipment or wrong clothing
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What precautions can be taken to minimise the risk?
Warm-up and cool downs, checking equipment and facilities
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What is aerobic respiration?
Where energy is produced in the presence of oxygen
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What is the equation for aerobic respiration?
glucose & oxygen -> energy & carbon dioxide & water
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What is anaerobic respiration?
Where energy if produced in the absence of oxygen
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What is the equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose -> energy & lactic acid
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How does age divisions in sport affect performance?

Back

Makes competition fair and avoids risk of injury

Card 3

Front

How does gender affect performance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the metabolic rate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

In gymnastics, what are boys more suited to physically?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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