Speaking in Public Grade 8

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Features of Persuasive Speech
Attention grabbing opening, Arguements flow logically, Positive and emotive language, Humour to get audience on your side, Back up points with explanations, Inclusive language e.g we instead of I, Punchy and memorable conclusion
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Features of Informative Speech
Interesting topic, Use humour to engage audience and gain interest, Clear structure with Intro Main Body and Summary, Use examples to help audience understand
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Features of Political Speech
Get to the point quickly so that audience know your viewpoint, Use a conversational tone, Audience should identify and sympathise with you early on, use anecdotes and dont just splurt out facts
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Features of Humourous Speech
Pick a funny topic that the audience are familiar with, Choose a topic the audience will understand, Don't cross the line and offend people, Exagerrate simple actions to make them funnier and make the speech more memorable
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Features of Impromptu Speech
Give yourself time to prepare, Dont rush, think of an effective opening sentence, give a slow delivery to give yourself time to think ahead and so that the audience can think about what you have said,
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Methods of determining points
1. Point, Reason, Example, Point. 2. Point, Past, Present, Future, Point. 3. Cause, Effect, Remedy. 4. Before, Event, Result. 5. Good, Bad, Indifferent.
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Features of a Vote Of Thanks
One person speaking on behalf of a group, Spontaneous, Start with summary of who you are thanking. Then use a personal anecdote to engage the audience, Then a conclusion and thank all main groups of people
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Pace
Use constant fluctuations, When it is meaning and emotional use a slower pace. When you are building to a climax or describing ordinary actions, use a slower pace
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Tone
Reflect light and shad in voice, The tensions and relaxations in muscles and resonators. Alters according to feelings and emotions of the speaker. Should reflect the mood of the speech
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Falling Tune
Inflection is the rise and fall in pitch. Falling Tune- Stressed syllables descend from high to low pitch, used for complete statement, commands, agreement, agression and questions that do not require a yes no answer.
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Rising Tune
Descending stressed syllables with a rise in the last syllable. Used when in doubt, anxiety, surprise, pleading and questions requiring a yes/ no answer.
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Volume
Loudness and softness levels in the voice, Should constantly fluctuate to hold attention. Only gentle crescendos and diminuendos or you will end up shouting.
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Pausing
Sense- Marks a fresh idea. Emphatic- Isolate a word and give it prominance, build suspense, dont hold for too long or you will alienate audience. Emotional- Voice is suspended by working emotions, must be subtle or will sound over dramtic.
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Emphasis
Extra prominance to words/ phrases, use modulation( variation in pace, tone, volume etc.) Lengethen individual sounds. Under emphasis=Monotonous, dull, flat. Over emphasis= Irritating/tiring to listen to
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Voice production
Impulse from brain, air is taken through nose or mouth and passes down trachea, air is then drawn from lungs by contraction of diaphragm, diaphragm relaxes and abdominal muscles push air back.Close muscles in larynx. Out breath, vocal folds vibrate
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Organs of articulation
Tongue, Teeth, Teeth Ridge, Hard palate, Soft palate
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Resonance
When the note is strengthened, amplified and given texture. Phraynx-affects quality of sound, Mouth- jaw, tongue, lips, hard palate, soft palate.
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Voice projection
Audibility- strong secure breath, forward resonance off hard palate. Inteligibility- Clarity of sppech, presice articulation, appropriate emphasis and modulation. Mental projection- command the audiences attention
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Visual Aids
Add inteest to the presentation+ help audience retain info. Only use if needed, can be a distraction. Dont talk to the visual aid. Maintain eye contact at all times
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Changing vocab to suit audience
Background knowledge? How familiar with the subject are they? If audience knows nothin- eliminate vocab/ points that may assume advanced knowledge
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Organizing a speech
Identify Audince. Identify occassion/ purpose. List key points and arrange into a logical order, develop intro and conclusion as these are the most important parts.
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Research Techniques
Primary- gathering information by yourself- interviews, questionaires. Seconday- books, journals, magazines. Is it reliable and biased? Is it relevant?
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Eye Contact
Gains connection with an audience, Avoiding means you are not confident or are hiding something. Spread eyes around the room, Eye contact with a different member for a different purpose.
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Body Language
Hand Gestures. Over doing can distract an audience. Appropriate movements show confidence. Facial expressions help connect with an audience. Stand up straight
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Note Cards
Should be bullet pointed so you dont have to read off them. Should only be used as a guide. Expand on the points you have made on the cards. Look down for 20% make eye contact for 80%
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Interesting topic, Use humour to engage audience and gain interest, Clear structure with Intro Main Body and Summary, Use examples to help audience understand

Back

Features of Informative Speech

Card 3

Front

Get to the point quickly so that audience know your viewpoint, Use a conversational tone, Audience should identify and sympathise with you early on, use anecdotes and dont just splurt out facts

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Pick a funny topic that the audience are familiar with, Choose a topic the audience will understand, Don't cross the line and offend people, Exagerrate simple actions to make them funnier and make the speech more memorable

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give yourself time to prepare, Dont rush, think of an effective opening sentence, give a slow delivery to give yourself time to think ahead and so that the audience can think about what you have said,

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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