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Stereotyping
An oversimplified set of ideas someone has about others e.g. Head teachers are strict scary and male
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Advantages and disadvantages of stereotypes
+helpful when making snap judgements+ helps remember info about others -can stop seeing real person - once learnt by children difficult to overcome
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Prejudice
A ridged set of attitudes or beliefs towards a particular person or group
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Discrimination
The way an individual behaves towards another person or group as a result of prejudice
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Discrimination can involve ...
Speaking in a different manner, ignoring them, using unfriendly tone of voice
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authoritarian personality
A personality type that is prone to being prejudice
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Authoritarian characteristics :
Resistance to change, holding beliefs, being obedient to those of higher status looking down on those of lower status
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Prejudice and discrimination between groups
Sherif study: summer camp, competition
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Evaluation of sherif study :
Lacks ecological validity. Used 12 year old boys so can't generalise.
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Further research into sherif...
Truck in mud and together had to pull out - reduced prejudice
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In- groups
A group of people you feel you have something in common
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Out- groups
A group of people you feel you have nothing in common
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Study for discrimination and out- groups
Points awards, 14-15 year old boys, points could be swapped for prizes
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Reducing prejudice and discrimination
Aronson- reduce between black and white in school, jigsaw method
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Evaluation of aronson
Method did reduce prejudice and discrimination between racial groups. Not generalised outside classes
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Expert groups
Another name for the jigsaw method - participants become experts at different topic to then teach tot others.
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Reducing prejudice and discrimination study
Elliot- blue eyes brown eyes
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Evaluation of Elliot study
Considered unethical because children experienced stress. When contacted 9 years later the children were more tolerant compared to others. They showed empathy.
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Empathy
Putting yourself in someone else's position and understand what they are feeling
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Reducing prejudice 2nd study
Hardwood - elderly people
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Adorno summary
Likely to be prejudice if brought up in a strict, critical household and have an authoritarian personality
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Sherif
Likely to be prejudice in in competition with one another
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Tajfel
Likely to be prejudice if you are In Favour of your in- groups than out- groups.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Advantages and disadvantages of stereotypes

Back

+helpful when making snap judgements+ helps remember info about others -can stop seeing real person - once learnt by children difficult to overcome

Card 3

Front

Prejudice

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Discrimination

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Discrimination can involve ...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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