Spanish Tenses

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  • Created by: lucyellis
  • Created on: 16-03-15 16:09
Use of Present Tense
Action in the moment - I am speaking - hablo
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Present Tense AR
o, as, a, amos, áis, an
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Present Tense ER
o, es, e, emos, éis, en
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Present Tense IR
o, es, e, imos, ís, en
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Use of Preterite Tense
Completed actions in the past, clear time range - He spoke for two hours - habló dos horas
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Preterite Tense AR
é, aste, ó, amos, asteis, aron
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Preterite Tense ER
í, iste, ió, imos, isteis, ieron
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Preterite Tense IR
í, iste, ió, imos, isteis, ieron
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Use of Imperfect Tense
Uncompleted past actions, or without a clear time range - I was living - vivía
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Imperfect Tense AR
aba, abas, ábamos, abais, aban
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Imperfect Tense ER
ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
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Imperfect Tense IR
ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
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Use of Future Tense
Actions that will happen - I will speak - hablaré
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Future Tense AR
(Add to infinitive) é, ás, á, emos, éis, án
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Future Tense ER
(Add to infinitive) é, ás, á, emos, éis, án
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Future Tense IR
(Add to infinitive) é, ás, á, emos, éis, án
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Use of Conditional Tense
Actions with probability - would, could, must have, probably - It would have been - sería
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Conditional Tense AR
(Add to infinitive) ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
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Conditional Tense ER
(Add to infinitive) ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
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Conditional Tense IR
(Add to infinitive) ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían
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Use of Perfect Tense
Uses has/have - I have eaten - he comido
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Perfect Tense AR
Past Participle - ado - he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han
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Perfect Tense ER + IR
Past Participle - ido, he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han
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Use of Pluperfect Tense (Past Perfect)
Uses had - I had eaten - había comido
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Pluperfect Tense AR
Past Participle - ado, había, habías, había, habíamos, habíais, habían
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Pluperfect Tense ER + IR
Past Participle - ido, había, habías, había, habíamos, habíais, habían
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Use of Future Perfect Tense
Actions that will have happened - I will have eaten - habré comido
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Future Perfect AR
Past Participle - ado, habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
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Future Perfect ER + IR
Past Participle - ido, habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
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Use of Conditional Perfect Tense
Actions in the past with probability - I would have eaten - habría comido
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Conditional Perfect AR
Past Participle - ado, habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habríais, habrían
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Conditional Perfect ER + IR
Past Participle - ido, habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habríais, habrían
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Present Subjunctive Tense AR
e, es, e, emos, éis, en
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Present Tense Subjunctive ER + IR
a, as, a, amos, áis, an
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Use of Present Subjunctive
Expresses uncertainty in the present - I hope that he likes music - Espero que le guste la musica
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Use of Perfect Subjunctive
Expresses uncertainty about past actions - I hope that I have eaten well - Espero que haya comido bien
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Perfect Subjunctive AR
Past Participle - ado, haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan
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Perfect Subjunctive ER + IR
Past Participle - ido, haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan
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Use of Pluperfect Subjunctive
1 Actions that happened before another - He doubted that I'd been to Peru -dudó que yo hubiera ido a Perú. 2 Hypothetical situations - I wish I had known 3 Past Conditions - If I had known, I would've come.
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Pluperfect Subjunctive AR
Past Participle - ado, hubiera, hubieras, hubiera, hubiéramos, hubierais, hubieran
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Pluperfect Subjunctive ER + IR
Past Participle - ido, hubiera, hubieras, hubiera, hubiéramos, hubierais, hubieran
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Use of Conditional Perfect Subjunctive
Actions of uncertainty in the past that rely on a condition - I doubt that I would have eaten my dinner.
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Subjunctive Conditional Perfect AR
Past Participle - ado, habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habríais, habrían
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Subjunctive Conditional Perfect ER + IR
Past Participle - ido, habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habríais, habrían
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Use of Imperfect Subjunctive
To refer to a previous experience or unlikely events - e.g. If I were you - Si yo fuera tú
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Imperfect Subjunctive Tense
Use third person plural of preterite, remove the -ron ending, add: ra, ras, ra, (accent on vowel before) ramos, rais, ran
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Present Tense AR

Back

o, as, a, amos, áis, an

Card 3

Front

Present Tense ER

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Present Tense IR

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Use of Preterite Tense

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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