SPA TB9

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What 5 cues are used to initiate turn taking?
Change in pitch, drawl, hand gestures, steryeotyped expressions, completed clause in grammar
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What 6 types of question are there?
Polar, Alternative, Wha-, Declarative, Indirect, Moodless
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What are the 4 dimensions of Bevelas's STCC?
context, sender, receiver, context
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What can you do to measure the sender capacity of the face?
Measure average transmission time, number of different facial expression patterns, amount of visibility
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What are the 6 universal emotions?
disgust, anger, surprise, fear, hapiness, sadness
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How many univesal expressions did Ekman say there were and how many kinds of expression overall?
7, 82 overall
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What has been found about posed vs spontaneous expressions by studying congenitally blind?
They could make a full range of spontaneous expressions but there were deficits expressing posed ecpressions due to lack of feedback. This supports the double dissociation between types of expression.
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What did Frank and Stennett do to overcome criticisms that facia expression studies just use forced choice?
Allowed pps to say "none correct", used extra labels. Still found the same emotion categories.
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What are spontaneous facial expressions like?
Have a different morphology to posed. Are longer, symmetrical (assymetrical smile), have a jagged offset and lack cohesion with the rest of the body
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How often did Warren et al (2009) find people could accurately tell when someone was lying?
64%,were better after SETT test for deception recognition
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What is the basic assumption of apprasial theories?
That emotions are driven by appraisal of the situation
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What is the basic assumption of Fridlund's Behavioural Ecology?
Behaviours are dependent on social context because they are just manifestations of social intent. So behaiours have no relationship with emotion.
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What are Atkinson's rhetorical devices?
Contrast, List
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What extra 5 devices were found by Heritage and Greatbach?
puzzle solution, position taking, pursuit, headline-punchline, combination
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What percentage of H and G's audience applauses were accountable by Atkinson?
50%, with 33.3% by contrasts and 12.6% by lists
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How much applause did rhetorical devices explain in H and G's study?
two thirds
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How much applause did Bull and Wells find was synchronised?
66%
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How much applause did Bull and Wells find was uninvited?
14%
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Why do Japanese speeches differ to British?
Use less implicit devices
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How many ways are there to equivocate?
36
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How often did Bull find British politicians answered questions directly?
46%
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How often did Harris find British politicians answered questions directly?
34%
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When there was communicative conflict, how often did Bull find politicians equivocated?
64%
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How many kinds of face threat are there?
19
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How many categories of face threat are there and what are they?
3: personal, party and significant other
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How much more likely are interviewers to use communicative conflicts than ordinary people?
58%
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In terms of question type, what are the 3 kinds of interrogative syntax?
polar, alternative, wha-
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In terms of question type, what are the 3 kinds of non-interrogative syntax?
Declarative, moodless, indirect
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Give an example of a wha- question?
What do you want for lunch?
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Give an example of a moodless question?
Such as...?
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A lot of us were wndering... is an example of what type of question?
Indirect.
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What do no-necessary-threat questions do?
Push the respondant to make a statement that creates a positive face
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How many studies has Hall found have a gender difference in judgement accuracy and who is it typically in favour of?
20%, biased towards women
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Who did Hall find tended to show higher expression accuracy?
Women, in 8/26 studies and 7/17studies
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Who did LaFrance and Hecht find were most likely to smile?
Female caucasions aged 18-23 years
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What are the two explanations for gender differences in judgement accuracy/
social power and socialisation
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What did Brook find out about gender differences in power?
Overall, even when politicicans presented as terfaul and angry, no gender differences in total favour. This shows there have been shifts in social values.
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Who has found men interrupt more than women?
Zimmerman and West, 1975 and Anderson and Leepers, 1998
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Who has found men make significantly more intrusive interruptions than women?
Anderson and Leepers, 1998
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Why might men interrupting women more might be explained by a difference in power?
Mott and Petrice, 1995, found higher status women interrupted more
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Why is the findings that men interrupt more not conclusive?
Murray and Corelli (1988) have found women interrupt twice as much as men
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When there is a difference in status, who is most likely to initiate a handshake?
The one with the lowest position.
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Who said women use a language of powerlessnes?
Lakoff
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What features are there in the so-called language of powerlessness?
More hedges used, more tag questions, more hesitant, rising inflection on declarative statements
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What might rising intonation on declarative statements be used for?
Maintaining conversation
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Give an example or a tag question?
You're not pregnant, are you?
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Give an example of a linguistic hedge?
By the way, I was told that you...
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What do women see conversation as and what features are used more often in their language?
See it as a way of creating intimacy sand use adjectives expressing appraisal and politeness more often.
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What do men see conversation as and what features are used more often in their language?
A way of establishing hierarchy, use more referential language
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Women make mmmhmmm listener responses to show they are paying attention. What do men interpret this as?
Making agreement
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Women use questions to make conversation, what do men use them for?
To get information
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Women see verbal aggression as a personal attack, what do men see it as?
Banter
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Who found a negative form of crosstalk at heathrow airport?
Gumperz, 1982
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What 6 types of question are there?

Back

Polar, Alternative, Wha-, Declarative, Indirect, Moodless

Card 3

Front

What are the 4 dimensions of Bevelas's STCC?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What can you do to measure the sender capacity of the face?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the 6 universal emotions?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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