Soviet Wartime Economy

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Pre War Prepararation
Provision for a massive increase in war production had been made during the mid-1930s - Factories had been given extra capacity to produce more weapons and munitions - majority of the workforce was vulnerable to any attack that came from the west
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Initial impact of War on the economy
Over half of its industrial capital was taken over by November 1941 & 2 fifths of grain production - not enough transport - no pre-determined plan to evacuate equipment - Agriculture 1490 to 1942 from 69.9 to 27.4
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Initial impact of War on the economy 2
Production of coal, steel and oil were down by 1942 - Capacity shrunk to 68% of its pre-war rate
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The people and the economy
Compulsory overtime of 3 hours - Holidays were banished - If workers were thought to be slacking they would be fined or sent to labour camps - Most important people in keeping the economy afloat were sent to war - labour workforce was set up
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Superiority of economy
Huge investments in steel, machine tools and chemicals - relocated some industrial equipment - built 3500 new factories in the Urals and Siberia - output double in munitions
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Out Produced Germany
1942 - 1944 Rifles, Carbines - USSR 9935 Germany 6501 - Machine tools USSR 5501 Germany 695
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Barber J Harrison
"There were too many soldiers and munitions workers compared to the few left in the supporting civilian infrastructure"
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Chris Ward
"one of the most stupendous and successful operations ever witnessed"
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Rzeheshevsky
On the movement of the Soviet economy from west to the east - "The most massive and most effective evacuation ever undertaken in history....a whole industrial country moved thousands of kilometers east"
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Card 2

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Initial impact of War on the economy

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Over half of its industrial capital was taken over by November 1941 & 2 fifths of grain production - not enough transport - no pre-determined plan to evacuate equipment - Agriculture 1490 to 1942 from 69.9 to 27.4

Card 3

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Initial impact of War on the economy 2

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Card 4

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The people and the economy

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Card 5

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Superiority of economy

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