South Africa - Apartheid

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ANC Youth League's Programme of Action
1949 - More militant - methods such as Boycotts, strikes etc.
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Population Registration Act
1950 - every inhabitant had to register under his/her racial characteristics
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Suppression of Communism Act
1950 - banning of the South African Communism Party
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Group Areas Act
1950 - racial groups signed to sections in urban areas - e.g. Sophiatown, Johannesburg - District 6, Cape Town - Cato Manor, Durban
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Bantu Authorities Act
1951 - giving authority to traditional tribal leaders in their homelands
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Separate Representation of Votes Act
1951 - enforcing racial segregation - remove all non-whites from voting
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Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act
1951 - authorised removal of squatter communities
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Pass Laws Act
1952 - internal passport system - limited movement of black citizens - they had to carry a pass book with them everywhere outside their homelands
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Defiance Campaign
1952 - aimed to break racial restrictions e.g. curfews and segregated facilities - Heart of campaign in East London - increased ANC membership
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Bantu Education Act
1953 - enforced segregated education - prepare African people for limited roles and opportunites
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Tomlinson Commission
1955 - to put money into Bantustans - funding for rural industries
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Freedom Charter
1955 - listing core political views of the Congress Alliance - called for a fully democratic SA
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Sekhukhuneland Revolts
1958 - rural resistance - to make it into a homeland
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Formation of the PAC
1959 - less militant than the ANC - 'Africa for the Africans'
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Cato Manor Revolt
1959 - African women against oppression
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Sharpeville Masacre
1960 - PAC organised residents to all go out without pass books - 63 died - police opened fire
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Harold Macmillan's 'Wind of Change' Speech
1960 - PM of Britain - African nationalism was natural - sites should accept it
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Creation of MK
1961 - armed wing of ANC - 'spear of the nation'
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Rivonia Trial
1964 - 10 ANC leaders tried for acts of sabotage trying to overthrow apartheid system - Nelson Mandela served 27 years in prison
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Black Consciousness Movement
1968 - founded by Steve Biko - after the banning of the ANC and PAC
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South African Student Organisation (SASO)
1969 - SA students against Apartheid - led by Steve Biko
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Durban Stikes
1973 - Strikes in a brick factors set of more strikes - over low wages, segregation, human rights etc.
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Soweto Uprising
1976 - protests by high school students - protested Afrikaans being taught at their schools
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Tri-cameral Parliament
1983 - with the NP still in power under Botha - political voice given to Coloureds and Indians
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Vaal Uprising
1984-85 - protests in the Transvaal against Apartheid
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Alexandra 'Six Day War'
1986 - Johannesburg township - not led directly by ANC
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Revocation of Apartheid legislation
1991 - scrapping of the Population Registration Act - ended by F.W. de Klerk
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CODESA Negotiations
1991 - did not involve the PAC - new constitution - future of homelands - interim government - electoral system
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Boipatong Massacre
1992 - attack on township - 45 killed - rival party of ANC - IFP
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Continuation of CODESA Negotiations
1992 - disbanding the MK - CODESA 2 failed - ANC rejected the disbanding of the MK
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Population Registration Act

Back

1950 - every inhabitant had to register under his/her racial characteristics

Card 3

Front

Suppression of Communism Act

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Group Areas Act

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Bantu Authorities Act

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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