Source of wisdom and authority

What does the word 'Bible' mean?
Books
1 of 54
Why is the Bible important for Christians?
Christianity's sacred text
2 of 54
What does the bible contain?
collection of books that expresses beliefs about God and God's purpose for humanity and the rest of the creaated world
3 of 54
When do the earliest writings date back to?
early in the first millennium BCE, but some are based on oral traditions which are many centuries older
4 of 54
When do the latest writings date back to?
belong to the second century CE
5 of 54
What two parts does the Bible fall into?
The New testament and the Old testament
6 of 54
What does the books of the New Testament and the Old testament form together?
Canon of the Bible
7 of 54
How many books are in the New Testament?
27 books- 21 Epistles, 4 Gospels, The Acts of the Apostles, The book of Revelation
8 of 54
When did the New Testament reach fixed form?
the fourth century BC
9 of 54
What does the Old Testament contain?
Jewish scripture
10 of 54
When was the Old Testament in fixed form?
first century BCE
11 of 54
How many books does the Old Testament contain?
39 books
12 of 54
What are the first five books of the Old Testament called?
The Torah (Laws)
13 of 54
Name a set of laws in the Torah?
the 10 commandments
14 of 54
What key story does the Old Testament involve?
Genesis
15 of 54
What kind of writing is the Old Testament made up of?
some of the writings is prose but much of it is poetry: contains alot of different poetry
16 of 54
What are the two conservative approaches to the nature and authority of the bible?
Evangelical Protestants and Catholics
17 of 54
What kind of view do Evangelical Protestants hold on the nature and authority of the bible?
fundamentalist view
18 of 54
What do Evangelical Protestants believe about the bible being the word of God?
The Bible is the infallible word of God; it contains no mistakes of any kind
19 of 54
What do Evangelical Protestants believe about the inspiration of the bible?
the authors were directly inspired by God
20 of 54
Why do Evangelical Protestants believe there are contradictions in the Bible?
due to the limitations of the human intellect, i.e. they are not real contradictions
21 of 54
What are the 2 fundamentalist approaches to Genesis 1?
The young earth creationists and old earth creationists
22 of 54
What approach do young earth creationists have towards the bible?
those known as young earth creationists have a literalist approach to the Bible and reject any theories that contradict the literalist meaning of genesis 1
23 of 54
What approach do old earth creationists have towards the bible?
regard Genesis as giving a scientifically correct account of the origins of the universe; they do not adopt a literalist approach
24 of 54
How long ago do young earth creationists believe that creation occured?
6000 years ago
25 of 54
How long ago do old earth creationist believe that creation occured?
acceptence of scientific date
26 of 54
What do Catholics believe about the inspiration of the bible?
the bible is inspired by God but was written by human beings
27 of 54
What does the bible being the word of God mean for Catholics?
the way in which it is the word of God relates to the Bible as a whole rather than to each word or verse
28 of 54
what do Catholics distinguish the bible between?
key messages in the bible regarding salvation which they believe are without error and the accounts of individual authoors who were products of their time, and need to be understood in context
29 of 54
What do Catholics believe about the authority of Genesis 1?
was never intended as a scientific or factual account of the origins of the universe
30 of 54
What do Catholics believe the Genesis story is used for?
used the genre of myth to convey truths about the nature of God as a creator and the nature of humanity and of the created world
31 of 54
Where do Catholics believe they can get guidence on how to interpret the Bible?
comes from Tradition, Magisterium, as well as using the individuals informed conscience
32 of 54
Who is the Neo- Orthodox inspired by?
Arguments of philosophers like Karl Barth
33 of 54
Who was Karl Barth?
Swiss Protestant Theologian
34 of 54
What did Karl Barth believe about the word of God in the Bible?
Believed in contained the word of God, but was not the word of God
35 of 54
What did Karl Barth believe that Christians could use the Bible for?
a way that humans may experiece God, realising their need for forgiveness and divine mercy shown through Jesus
36 of 54
what did Karl Barth believe about errors in the bible?
It is not perfect with respect to science, history and religion
37 of 54
Why did Karl Barth believe that the bible could not be without error?
its writers were products of their time and subject to limitations and subject to limitations of intellect
38 of 54
What are the 2 liberal approaches?
some believe that those who wrote the text were guided by God while others believe it is an entirely human document consisting of what they believed about God and his purposes for the world
39 of 54
What do liberals believe the writing in the bible were a product of?
product of the culture ad age in which each of them lived and of their particular temperant and outlook on life
40 of 54
What do liberals believe about the bible in terms of inspired?
the bible is not inspired but can be inspiring.
41 of 54
What example for liberals is there for Christians being inspired by the bible?
jesus said 'those who draw the saw will die by the sword.' This inspired some Christians to adopt a pacifist approach to war
42 of 54
Name a very liberal Christian group?
The Sea of Faith Network
43 of 54
What does the sea of faith networks believe about the authority of the bible?
the bible has no authority other than any that an individual might choose to give it
44 of 54
Who did Jesus give the authority to lead the Church after his resurrection?
the Apostles
45 of 54
Who did Apostles pass on their authority to?
bishops and this continued down the centuries
46 of 54
What was Apostles passing down their authority called?
Apostolic Succession
47 of 54
Who do Catholics believe is the leader of the Church?
the Pope
48 of 54
Why were Protestants established?
rebelled against the Popes authority in the 16th century
49 of 54
What were the two main Christian traditions from the 16th century?
the Protestants which consists of many denominations and the Catholics who were led by the Pope
50 of 54
What did Martin Luether say about the Bible and Churches religious authority?
Sola scriptura- only source of religious authority
51 of 54
What did Luther believe Christians could not say about the Bible?
some parts are true and others are false
52 of 54
How did Martin Luther say that the Bible influences the Church?
The bible gives the standard of measurement for deciding on the truth of Christian teachings
53 of 54
What does Luther say about the relationship between the church and the bible
without the bible there would be no church
54 of 54

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why is the Bible important for Christians?

Back

Christianity's sacred text

Card 3

Front

What does the bible contain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When do the earliest writings date back to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When do the latest writings date back to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Christianity resources »