Somerset and Northumberland

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What is the Duke of Somerset's name and his original title?
Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford
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What was the dry stamp?
A stamp copy of the Kings signature, which could be used by trusted nobles to pass laws
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Who plotted against Somerset?
Thomas Seymour (somerset's brother) alongside the Earl of Southampton
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What did Archbishop Cramner write before the first book of Common Prayer?
The Homily of Obedience
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Which battle did Somerset win and when was it?
Battle of Pinkie- September 1547
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What mistakes did Somerset make with foreign policy?
Not withdrawing from Scotland = garrisoning, which was expensive causing a continuation of debasement of the coinage
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Which river did Somerset Fail to blockade?
Firth of Fourth
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What was the vagrancy act?
Also known as the slavery act, it meant that any individual (whether healthy or not in general) that missed three days of work for sickness would be branded with a V and sold into slavery for two years.
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What was enclosure
Privately owning fenced off land
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What did Somerset set up to do with enclosure?
Commission against enclosure 1548/49
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When was the moderate first book of common prayer written and by whom?
Archbishop Cramner in 1549
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What religious changes did Somerset introduce in 1547?
Feb- Denunciation of images, July- Injunctions issuer (attacking popular features of Catholicism) and december: dissolution of the chantries.
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Name some of the changes introduced in the first book of common prayer
No prayers for the dead, services in English, communion of both kinds, transubstantiation
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When did the Western rebellion start?
10th June 1549
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Who was the leader of the Western Rebellion?
Humphrey Arundell (a mere gentlemen)
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Who and what triggered the Western rebellion?
Resentment of William Body snooping around and investigating into local chantries (unfortunately the poor fellow got hacked to pieces by rebells) and the first book of common prayer.
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Where did the Western rebellion take place?
Devon and Cornwall
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Who was sent to suppress the rebellion?
Lord Russell was the first peaceful attempt
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Who sent reinforcements and aided Russell?
Lord Grey on the 3rd August (after being delayed by uprising in Oxfordshire) then 6th Aug Sir William Herbert brought reinforcements too
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Where were the rebels defeated and what date?
Exeter 16th August
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How many rebels were killed?
3,000
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When did the Kett rebellion start?
6-8th July 1549
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Who were the two Key figures?
Robert Kett and John Flowerdew
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What triggered the Ketts rebellion?
Somersets failure to follow through on his proposed investigation into enclosure: when drunk people protested to John Flowerdew (destroying his enclosure) so he sent them to Robert Kett, who stopped them from destroying his enclosure by leading.
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Where did it take place and where did they camp?
Norwich, Mousehold Heath
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How many rebels were there?
16,000
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The first suppression attempt: how big was it and who was it led by?
18,000 and Marquis of Northampton, William Parr
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Northumberland had an army of what size and how many mercenaries were added?
12,000 and 1,000 mercenaries added
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How many rebells were slaughtered?
3,000
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What happened to Kett?
Executed in November (26th)
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How many others were executed?
49
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Somerset made an unsuccessful plea for the support of whose army?
Lord Russell
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Which conservative did the Duke of Northumberland declare to remove from council and which two Protestants did he instate?
Sir Edward Peckham (conservative); Thomas Goodrich (Bishop of Ely) and The Marquis of Dorset
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When was Somerset executed?
1552
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What did the Duke of Northumberland decade to remove the threat of Arundell and Southampton?
That anyone who sought Somerset's blood also sought his own= treason
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What were the 1547 Royal Injunctions?
Orders given to clergy to preach in English and to have an English Bible available in every parish
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When was the chantries act introduced and what was the new preamble to the original act?
Nov-Dec 1547 - condemning all prayers for the dead
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Which other two acts were repealed at the same time?
Act of Six Articles and Treason Act
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What year were the images removed from churches?
Feb 1548- but removed in churches earlier than that (before made law)
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What was the significant of September 1548 proclamation that only authorised clergy could preach?
It meant Somerset could choose who was going to preach?
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Which 1549 act enforced the prayer book?
The Act of Uniformity
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When was the new reformed ordinal?
January 1550
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What and when was the New Treason Act?
January 1552- offence to question royal supremacy
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When was the Second Book of Common Prayer introduced?
January 1552
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What act in April 1552 enforced the Second Book of Common Prayer?
The Second Act of Uniformity
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Which act introduced in November 1552 stated that "kneeling for communion is for good order NOT for idolatry"?
Black Rubric Proclamation
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When was the 42 Articles submitted?
24th November 1552
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In 1553 what was produced by Luther and Calvin without Parliamentary approval?
Short Catechism
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Who was going to marry Northumberland's son?
Lady Jane Grey
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What was the devise?
The plan to alter the succession to exclude Mary I and replace her with Lady Jane Grey
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When was Northumberland executed?
August 1553
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How big was Northumberland's army in comparison to Mary's?
2,000 to 20,000
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the dry stamp?

Back

A stamp copy of the Kings signature, which could be used by trusted nobles to pass laws

Card 3

Front

Who plotted against Somerset?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Archbishop Cramner write before the first book of Common Prayer?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which battle did Somerset win and when was it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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