Solutions

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What is the definiton of Solute, Solvent and Solution?
Solute - Is the solid being dissolved Solvent - Is the liquid its dissolving into Solution - Is a mixture of a solue and a solvent
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What is the difference between soluble and insoluble?
Soluble means it will dissolve and insoluble means it won't
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If somehting is saturated what does that mean?
That no more solute can dissolve at that tempature
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Give an example of a solute that won't dissolve in a solvent?
Salt and Petrol
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What happens to the solubility of gas when the tempaure increases?
The solubility decreases
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Name the four seperation Techniques?
Filtration, Distillation, Evaporation and Chromotography
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What is chromotography good at seperating and why?
Separating dissolved substances that have different colours, like ink. It works because some of the coloured substances dissolve in the liquid better than others, so they travel further up the paper.
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What is filtraion good at seperating and give an example?
An insoluble solid from a liquid such as water and sand.
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What is evaporation good at seperating and give an example?
A soluble solid from a liquid such as the salt from sea water
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What are the 2 types of distillation?
Simple and Fractional
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What is simple distillation good at seperating and give an example?
Getting a liquid from a solution such as the water from sea water
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What is fractional distillation good at seperating and why?
Seperating two liquids.( Water + Ethanol) This works because liquids have different boiling points.
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In simple distillation what happens once the liquid has boiled off?
It is cooled, condensed and collected leaving the solid behind.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the difference between soluble and insoluble?

Back

Soluble means it will dissolve and insoluble means it won't

Card 3

Front

If somehting is saturated what does that mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an example of a solute that won't dissolve in a solvent?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens to the solubility of gas when the tempaure increases?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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