Soft Engineering

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What is soft engineering the use of?
Soft engineering is the use of natural methods which are complimentary to the environment
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What are the 4 soft engineering methods that we have studied?
Do nothing, gauging station, floodplain zoning, reforestation
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Where are gauging stations usually set up?
They are usually set up at a strategic point along the river, such as two rivers confluence
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What will local authorities of environment agencies do with gauging stations?
They will use the data collected from the station to issue advice to the public
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What can be produced from the data collected at the gauging station?
Flood maps
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What type of maps are flood maps usually?
Chloropleth maps
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What are chloropleth maps?
These are maps which use darker colours to represent higher numbers or data
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What website issues advice of what to do in a flood?
The environment agency website
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What is floodplain zoning?
This is where building or facilities are placed at different distances away from the river due to their cost or significance
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Are expensive building placed nearer or further away from the river?
Further away
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What order in significance do buildings and facilities get placed away from the river?
Avoid, for grazing animals, playing fields, roads, industry and then finally housing
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What is done in some river basins to prevent high value land from flooding?
Deliberate flooding is encouraged in some river basins on low value land, so that high value land further away from the river don't flood
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What is reforestation?
A tree management scheme
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What does reforestation do in terms of soft engineering?
It increases interception, reduces surface run-off, increases lagtime
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the 4 soft engineering methods that we have studied?

Back

Do nothing, gauging station, floodplain zoning, reforestation

Card 3

Front

Where are gauging stations usually set up?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What will local authorities of environment agencies do with gauging stations?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What can be produced from the data collected at the gauging station?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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