Sociopsychological theories of aggression

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1. What did Rizzolatti et al find?

  • Children considered socially aggressive were reported to have parents that punished them aggressively and they were advised non-aggressive punishments to reduce their child's aggressive behaviour
  • Mirror neurones are activated when carrying out an activity and when watching it
  • The children in the aggressive condition would act aggressive to the Bobo doll whereas those in the non-aggressive didn't
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2. Why is Bandura's theory of vicarious reinforcement advantageous?

  • Doesn't consider biological factors such as neural and hormonal mechanisms
  • It considers the free will we have in aggressive behaviour
  • Too simplistic and not holistic enough

3. What are the four factors of Bandura's theory of Vicarious reinforcement?

  • Attention, Retention, Reproduction and Desire
  • Attention, Retention, Reproduction and Motivation
  • Attention, Retention, Replication and Motivation
  • Attention, Retention, Replication and Desire

4. Issue of Bandura's study using Bobo doll

  • Laboratory experiment is too artificial
  • Doesn't actually represent aggressive behaviour it shows play behaviour
  • Age bias, cannot be applied to adults

5. What is Vicarious reinforcement?

  • When individuals observe others being rewarded for a behaviour so they copy the behaviour to be rewarded themselves
  • Observe someone carry out a behaviour, they imitate the behaviour and then are reinforced
  • Direct Experience


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