1. How do the Kung Sun of the Kalahari desert act in terms of aggression?
- They act mildly aggressively towards their children
- Aggression isn't a social norm and when children argue or fight instead of being punished they are separated and/or distracted
- Aggression increases their status in males
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2. Why is Bandura's theory of vicarious reinforcement advantageous?
- It considers the free will we have in aggressive behaviour
- Too simplistic and not holistic enough
- Doesn't consider biological factors such as neural and hormonal mechanisms
3. What did Rizzolatti et al find?
- Mirror neurones are activated when carrying out an activity and when watching it
- The children in the aggressive condition would act aggressive to the Bobo doll whereas those in the non-aggressive didn't
- Children considered socially aggressive were reported to have parents that punished them aggressively and they were advised non-aggressive punishments to reduce their child's aggressive behaviour
4. What is Vicarious reinforcement?
- When individuals observe others being rewarded for a behaviour so they copy the behaviour to be rewarded themselves
- Observe someone carry out a behaviour, they imitate the behaviour and then are reinforced
- Direct Experience
5. Issue of Bandura's study using Bobo doll
- Laboratory experiment is too artificial
- Doesn't actually represent aggressive behaviour it shows play behaviour
- Age bias, cannot be applied to adults