Sociopsychological theories of aggression

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1. How do the Kung Sun of the Kalahari desert act in terms of aggression?

  • They act mildly aggressively towards their children
  • Aggression isn't a social norm and when children argue or fight instead of being punished they are separated and/or distracted
  • Aggression increases their status in males
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2. Why is Bandura's theory of vicarious reinforcement advantageous?

  • It considers the free will we have in aggressive behaviour
  • Too simplistic and not holistic enough
  • Doesn't consider biological factors such as neural and hormonal mechanisms

3. What did Rizzolatti et al find?

  • Mirror neurones are activated when carrying out an activity and when watching it
  • The children in the aggressive condition would act aggressive to the Bobo doll whereas those in the non-aggressive didn't
  • Children considered socially aggressive were reported to have parents that punished them aggressively and they were advised non-aggressive punishments to reduce their child's aggressive behaviour

4. What is Vicarious reinforcement?

  • When individuals observe others being rewarded for a behaviour so they copy the behaviour to be rewarded themselves
  • Observe someone carry out a behaviour, they imitate the behaviour and then are reinforced
  • Direct Experience

5. Issue of Bandura's study using Bobo doll

  • Laboratory experiment is too artificial
  • Doesn't actually represent aggressive behaviour it shows play behaviour
  • Age bias, cannot be applied to adults

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