Sociology: Education & Research methods

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What is Cultural Capital?
the knowledge, attitudes, values, languages and abilities that the middle class transmit to their children
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What is Compensatory Education?
a policy where the government seeks to help under-achieving schools by providing extra-funding/support to schools and parents in deprived areas.
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What is selective education?
When a school chooses its intake based on exam results and whether or not you can afford it.
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What is labelling?
to label someone is to attach a meaning or definition to someone e.g intelligent or dumb, troublemaker or hardworking.
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What is the self ful-filling prophecy?
When a student lives up to their label e.g being labelled as hard-working and then getting good grades.
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What is student subculture?
Its when a student has different Norms&Values to that of the school.
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What is material deprivation?
Lack of basic resources needed to learn such as a quiet study area due to lack of space or parents not being able to afford educational aids.
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What is Cultural deprivation?
when parents do not understand or due to them having a bad experience with education so don't support their children.
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What is the difference between Structured & Unstructured interviews?
the questions is a structured interview are exactly the same each time whereas the interviewer in unstrucutred interviews has complete freedom with what questions get asked.
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2 disadvantages for unstructured interviews
1. They are very time consuming as the answers will be more in-depth. 2. they are not standardised which means they are not reliable.
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a disadvantage of group interviews
will have reduced validity as younger generation/children tend to feel peer pressure more so they conform to everyone else.
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which research method raises the most ethnicity issues?
Covert Participant observations
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what is Positivism?
The belief that society is made up of "social facts" which can be scientifically studied.
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what is interpretivism?
a term used to cover a range of perspectives. interpretivists believe we have free will, consciousness and choice.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Compensatory Education?

Back

a policy where the government seeks to help under-achieving schools by providing extra-funding/support to schools and parents in deprived areas.

Card 3

Front

What is selective education?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is labelling?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the self ful-filling prophecy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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