Sociology:Crime and Deviance

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Emma Noon
  • Created on: 21-03-14 18:03
What is Crime?
An illegal act which is punishable by law e.g. shop lifting or murder
1 of 20
What is Deviance?
Behaviour which does not conform to society's norms and values and, if detected is likelt to lead to negative sanctions e.g. being treated differently by others. Deviance can be- but is not necessarily- illegal
2 of 20
What are formal rules?
Rules that have been written down and that society must follow e.g. the law
3 of 20
What are informal rules?
Rules that have not been written down, and aren't illegal,but people in society still follow them in particular social settings e.g. queuing up
4 of 20
What is formal social control?
Control of people's behavior based on written laws and rules. Usually associated with the ways the state regulates and controls our behavior e.g. Police,Courts and Prisons
5 of 20
What is informal social control?
Control of people's behavior based on social processes such as the approval and disapproval of others. Enforced via social pressure. Agencies of informal social control include peer groups and families
6 of 20
What are agents of social control?
The groups and organisations in society that control or constrain people's behavior and actions e.g. Police or Peer Group Pressure
7 of 20
What is Anomie?
Little moral guidance to society
8 of 20
What are Victim Surveys?
A survey which asks respondents about their experiences of crime, whether they have been victims of offenses during a specific time period and whether they reported the crime to the police
9 of 20
What are self report studies?
A survey that asks respondents whether they have committed particular offences during a specific time period. Provides information on offenders and offences not necessarily dealt with by the Police or Courts
10 of 20
What are official statistics recorded by Police?
Existing sources of quantitative data produced by government agencies e.g. the Home Office or Police. Tells you how much reported crime has been committed over a time period and by who
11 of 20
What is hidden or grey crime?
The same as the dark figure of crime-Crime which goes unreported e.g. domestic abuse
12 of 20
What is the Chivalry Effect?
The idea that female offenders are seen as deserving more lenient treatment within the criminal justice treatment by male officers e.g. a women may be let off speeding without a ticket my a male police officer
13 of 20
What is White Collar Crime?
Crimes committed by people in high positions e.g. doctors or lawyers or managers during their work e.g tax evasion
14 of 20
What is Corporate Crime?
Crimes committed by employees on behalf of the company or organization they work for
15 of 20
What are Folk devils?
A group that is defined as a threat to society's values
16 of 20
What is Moral Panic?
Sometimes crime is exaggerated in the media which makes the public think it is more of a problem than it is. This creates a 'moral panic' which leads to the public demanded some action to be taken against the crime.
17 of 20
What is Scapegoating?
A scapegoat is person or group that is forced to take the blame for happenings that are not their fault. They are blamed for things that happen in society because they are seen as an 'easy target'
18 of 20
What is Conformity?
Human behavior which follows the established norms, values and rules of a group or society. e.g. committing no crime is conforming to society's rules?
19 of 20
What is an Indictable Offense?
A serious crime which is punishable by law e.g. if you commit murder you have to do to prison
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Behaviour which does not conform to society's norms and values and, if detected is likelt to lead to negative sanctions e.g. being treated differently by others. Deviance can be- but is not necessarily- illegal

Back

What is Deviance?

Card 3

Front

Rules that have been written down and that society must follow e.g. the law

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Rules that have not been written down, and aren't illegal,but people in society still follow them in particular social settings e.g. queuing up

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Control of people's behavior based on written laws and rules. Usually associated with the ways the state regulates and controls our behavior e.g. Police,Courts and Prisons

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Crime and deviance resources »