sociology unit 2

pg 114 to pg 158 to complete. names on sheet.

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  • Created on: 06-03-14 20:01
Adonis and Pollard
private education is a major way i which class privileges are transmitted from generation to generation.
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J.W.Douglas
working class children score lower on tests of ability than middle class children.
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Bernstein and Young
mothers think and choose toys influences on their childrens intellectual development.
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Bernstein
two types of speech: restricted code (working class) and elaborated code (middle/upper class).
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Feinstein
working class parents lack of interest was the main reason for children under-achievement.
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Hyman
barrier to success
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Sugarman
working class sub-culture: fatalism (whatever will be will be). collectivism (part of a group instead of suceeding as an individual). immediate gratification (seeking rewards now). present time orientation (present more important than the future).
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Nell Keddie
cultural deprivation is a 'myth' and sees victim blaming as an explanation.
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Troyna and Williams 1
problems isnt the childs language but the schools attitude towards it.
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Blackstone and Mortimore
parents attend less parents evenings and school events due to lack of interest or cant attend due to long hours at work unlike schools middle class atmosphere.
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Howard
young people from poorer homes have lower intakes o9f energy and can affect their education.
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Bull
cost of free schooling.
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Mortimore and Whitty
mateial inequalities have a greater effect on achievement than school factors.
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Bourdieu
both cultural and material factors contribute to educational achievement and are not seperate but interrelated.
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Gewirtz
cultural and economic capital can lead to differences in educational achievement by the impact of marketisation and parental choice.
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Whitty
marketisation has not lead to more oppurtunities for working class children.
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Becker
middle class children are more ideal than working class children from teachers views.
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Cicourcel and Kitsuse
labelling can disadvantage working class students.
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Rist
labelling occurs from the outset of a childrens educational career.
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Sharp and Green
child centred primary school allowss children to choose activities, so they develop on their own pace.
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Lacey
differentation and poparisation explains how pupil sub-cultures develop.
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Hargreaves
lower stream boys in seconadry schools were triple failures: failed 11+ exams, placed in lower streams and labelled as worthless louts.
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Ball
abolishing streaming
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Gillborn and Youdell
publishing league tables called A-C economy. making schools get pupils to get 5 A*-Cs.
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Macrae
post 16 education provide for middle class children to pursue careers.
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Bereiter and Engelmann
language spoken by low income black american families are inadequate for educational success.
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Murray
high rate of lone parent familes and lack of male role models lead to underachievement of some minorities.
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Driver and Ballard
Asian families have positive attitudes towards education and higher aspirations for their childs future making them do better.
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Gillborn and Youdell
found teachers had 'racialised expectations' and would therefore treat them differently.
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Fuller
girls were untypical because they were high achievers where most black girls were placed in low streams.
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Sewell
found boys stereo typed as badly behaved and were rebellious, therefore would get exculded from schools.
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Troyna and Williams 2
curriculum in british schools as ethnocentric becuase it gives priority to white culture and the english language.
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Ball 2
critcises the national curriculum for ignoring cultureand ethnic diversity.
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Moore and Davenport
selection leads to ethnic segregation with minority groups failing to get into better schools.
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Evans
need to understand the relationship between ethnicity and achievement and how ethnicity interacts with gender and class.
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Mc Robbie
how media images and magazines can influence the difference between different genders and what they should look and act like.
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Boaler
impact on equal oppurtunities policies as a key reason for the changes in girls achievement.
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Mitsos and Browne .
factors such as coursework have helped girls to achieve better results
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Francis
boys got more attention for behavioural issues, where as girls were expectated to learn more by themselves.
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Jackson
introduction of league tables have placed high value on achieving better exam results.
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McVeigh
the similarities in girls and boys achievement is far greater than the differences.
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Epstein
measured the way masculilinity was constructed. working class boys were accused of being sissies if they didnt take on maual jobs.
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Oakley
'sex' refers to inborn physical differences between male and females, where as 'gender' refers to learned cultural differerences.
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Murphy
boys were more likely to deign the specification of something, where as the girls were more likely to draw what it looked like.
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Connelly
a rich vocabulary of abuse- dominant gender and sexual identities are reinforced.
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Durkheim
Social solidarity and specialist skills
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Parsons
Meritocracy
47 of 52
Davis and Moore
Role allocation
48 of 52
Chubb and Moe
Consumer choice
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Althusser
ideological state apparatus and repressive state apparatus.
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Bowles and Ginitis
Schooling capiatlism- reproduce obedient workforce.
51 of 52
Willis
Learning to labour.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

working class children score lower on tests of ability than middle class children.

Back

J.W.Douglas

Card 3

Front

mothers think and choose toys influences on their childrens intellectual development.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

two types of speech: restricted code (working class) and elaborated code (middle/upper class).

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

working class parents lack of interest was the main reason for children under-achievement.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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