Sociology terms & definitions

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  • Created by: Alice
  • Created on: 08-12-14 19:32
household
one person living alone or a group of people living together who may or may not be related
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traditional nuclear family
married male & female with their dependent children related by blood, marriage, adoption
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extended family
3 generations living together or in close proximity with regular contact
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cereal packet family
often the advertiser’s idea of a family, usually stereotypically a traditional nuclear family with the mother and father fulfilling traditional roles
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expressive role
role traditionally performed by the mother in the family – emotional, housework, childcare
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instrumental role
role traditionally performed by the father in the family – breadwinner
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reconstituted family
adult couple, married or unmarried, living with at least one child from a previous relationship of one of the partners - step family or blended family
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lone parent family
one parent with one or more children
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beanpole family
nuclear family who maintain regular contact with grandparents for help with childcare or financial support
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monogamy
being in a faithful relationship
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serial monogamy
having one partner at a time, but has a series of different partners as a result of breakdowns in the relationship
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polyandry
several husbands at the same time
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polygyny
several wives at the same time
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cohabitation
couple who live together and have sexual relationship without being married, “living in sin”
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socialisation
learning the social rules of society
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patriarchal
the male is the dominant authority in the family
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age patriarchy
age inequality between adults & children
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matriarchal
the female is the dominant authority in the family
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conjugal roles
roles within marriage
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empty shell marriage
marriages which continue long after any loving relationship has ended
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singleton
someone who lives alone
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kinship
relationships by blood or marriage contain certain expectations about how we should behave toward other family members
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neo-conventional nuclear family
modern nuclear family - don’t have to be married, can be same sex, children outside of wedlock, shared roles in the house, dual careers, househusband
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confluent love
a relationship that must be continuously worked at to ensure the mutual commitment and trust it requires of both partners
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symmetrical family
nuclear family where both husband and wife work & share domestic duties
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birth rate
number of live births per thousand of the population per year
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death rate
number of deaths per thousand of the population per year
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infant mortality rate
number of deaths of babies in the first year of their life per thousand of the population per year
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fertility rate
number of live births of women of childbearing age (15-44) per thousand of the population per year
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marriage rate
number of marriages per thousand of the population per year
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divorce rate
number of divorces per thousand of the population per year
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life course
process of personal change, from infancy through old age and death, can also be known as life cycle
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ageing population
average age of the UK population is rising so there is a growing number of people of retirement age
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dependency ratio
an age population ratio of those not of working age, i.e. children & retired, these people may rely on the state to help support them financially & with the services they provide
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child centred society
society & families prioritise the needs of children
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toxic childhood
rapid technological & cultural changes in the past 25 years have damaged children’s physical, emotional & intellectual development
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migration
movement of people from place to place
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net migration
difference between the number of people leaving a country and the number of people arriving
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immigration
number of people entering a country
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emigration
number of people leaving a country
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secularisation
declining influence of religion in society
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march of progress theory
idea that life is improving
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industrialisation
production of manufactured goods in a factory system
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urbanisation
concentration of the population in urban areas (towns & cities)
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geographically mobile
nuclear families are small so can move around easier to find jobs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

married male & female with their dependent children related by blood, marriage, adoption

Back

traditional nuclear family

Card 3

Front

3 generations living together or in close proximity with regular contact

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

often the advertiser’s idea of a family, usually stereotypically a traditional nuclear family with the mother and father fulfilling traditional roles

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

role traditionally performed by the mother in the family – emotional, housework, childcare

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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