Sociology - Stratification

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FOUR FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF STRATIFICATION
1. Social stratification is a characteristic of society 2. Social stratification persists over generations 3. Social stratification is universal but variable 4. Social stratification involves both inequality and beliefs
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Social stratification
a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
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social mobility
changes in people's position in a system of social stratification
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Intragenerational Social Mobility
A change in social position occurring during a person’s lifetime
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Intergenerational Social Mobility
Upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents
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Structural social mobility
A shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society than to individual efforts
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Open Systems (Class Systems)
Permit much more social mobility
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Closed Systems (Caste Systems)
Allow little change in social position
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Meritocracy
Social stratification based on personal merit
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Status Consistency Inconsistency
The degree of consistency in a person’s social standing across various dimensions of social inequality
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Ideology
Cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality. changes with a society’s economy and technology
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PATTERNED INEQUALITY
differences occur: 1. on a wide-scale basis 2. with regularity 3. and along lines of certain specific, identifiable characteristics
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THREE PREMISES
1. Power: the ability to impose one’s will on others 2. Property: forms of wealthy 3. Prestige: the respect given by others
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OCCUPATIONAL PRESTIGE
Generates income and is an important source of prestige
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LIFE CHANCES
Opportunities that individuals do or do no have to engage in certain activities • Opportunities that they do or do not have to accomplish certain goals
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The Davis-Moore Thesis (Functionalist Approach)
All about prestigious people working higher paid jobs, better place in society etc.
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Karl Marx: Class Conflict (Conflict Approach)
• Social stratification is rooted in people’s relationship to the means of production
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Capitalists/Bourgeoisie
People who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profit
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Proletariat:
Working people who sell their labor for wages
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Max Weber on Social Standing (cps)
three distinct dimensions of stratification: class, power, and status
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SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS (SES)
1. Education 2. Wealth Assets  Income 3. Occupational Prestige
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Micro-level analysis (Symbolic Interactionism)
• Social standing affects everyday interaction • People with different social standing keep their distance from one another
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Conspicuous consumption
Buying and using products with an eye to the “statement” they make about social position
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The Truly Disadvantaged (W.J. Wilson)
This group consists of people who live predominantly in the inner city and who are trapped in a cycle of joblessness, deviance, crime, welfare dependency, and unstable family life.
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a system by which society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy

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Social stratification

Card 3

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changes in people's position in a system of social stratification

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Card 4

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A change in social position occurring during a person’s lifetime

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Card 5

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Upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents

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