Sociology of Suicide

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Who believed that the patterns in sociology could prove that sociology is a science?
Durkheim (1897)
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What is a social fact?
Forces found in the structure of society. They are external to individuals, and this constrains them, which shapes their behaviour.
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What research method did Durkheim use to study suicide?
Official statistics
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What two social facts did Durkheim identify from the patterns he discovered?
Social integration and Moral regulation
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What is social integration?
How far individuals experience a sense of belonging to a group
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What is moral regulation?
How far individuals actions are kept in check by norms
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What are the names of the four types of suicide Durkheim gives?
Egoistic, Altruistic, Anomic and Fatalistic
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What types of suicides does a traditional society prompt?
Fatalistic and Altruistic
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What is Durkheim criticised for firstly?
His failure to operationalise his concepts
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What else is he criticised about?
The unreliability of his use of official statistics, many states did not collect statistics sytematically
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Card 2

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What is a social fact?

Back

Forces found in the structure of society. They are external to individuals, and this constrains them, which shapes their behaviour.

Card 3

Front

What research method did Durkheim use to study suicide?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What two social facts did Durkheim identify from the patterns he discovered?

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Card 5

Front

What is social integration?

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