Sociology Word Definitions

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Roles
A part you play in society that is associated with particular norms, values and expectations.
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Stereotype
A generalised view do what something or someone typically is. Often negative and over-simplified.
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Socialisation
The process of learning the correct behaviour, norms and values in society; this can be either primary or secondary.
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Gender
These are the social rules and ways of acting in all societies which are based on whether you are male or female. Gender depends on your society.
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Compliance
To do what is wanted of you, to follow rules and orders as is expected.
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Conform
To accept what you are told and so behave the way that is expected of you.
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Formal Curriculum
Subjects that are studied and examined in schools and colleges. For example sociology, history and media studies.
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Hidden Curriculum
What schools teach through day-to-day life, ie. this is not part of the formal timetable. This will reflect society's attitudes and values and prepare students for their future role and place in that society.
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Informal Learning
Non-directed learning that occurs outside of the classroom and does not have a curriculum to follow.
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National Curriculum
Subjects and tests that the Government has decided must be done in all state schools.
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Private School
Any school that charges a fee for students to attend.
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Public School
Higher-status private schools with ver high fees. Members of the Royal Family and other very wealthy people are educated in these schools.
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Setting
When students are put into different classes depending on their ability.
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Streaming
When students are taught with the same class for all of their subjects based on their general ability.
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Selection
Choosing students to attend school because of their ability.
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Segregation
Separating students, usually males and females, and giving them different experiences and opportunities in school. This can be enforced through single-sex schooling or through keeping them apart in a mixed gender environment.
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Globalisation
The opening up of the world economically through production and consumption.
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Gatekeepers
A label for the editors and creators of media, as they are the people who decide which ideas or stories make it through to publication.
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Agenda setting
The media deciding which subjects are appropriate for the news or for discussion.
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Censorship
Restrictions on the freedom of speech.
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Self-censorship
When the audience is expected to police and monitor all necessary restrictions on the freedom of speech.
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Interactivity
Audience participation in huge creation of the media.
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Intertextuality
Media that is about other media.
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Convergence
The coming together of different forms of media.
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Moral Panic
When the media causes a group, person or situation to become a threat to society.
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Norms
The unwritten rules of society that determine acceptable behaviour.
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Values
General ideas of what is right or wrong, the correct ways of behaving and what is considered important and worthwhile.
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Identity
How we see ourselves and define others.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A generalised view do what something or someone typically is. Often negative and over-simplified.

Back

Stereotype

Card 3

Front

The process of learning the correct behaviour, norms and values in society; this can be either primary or secondary.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

These are the social rules and ways of acting in all societies which are based on whether you are male or female. Gender depends on your society.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

To do what is wanted of you, to follow rules and orders as is expected.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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