Sociology Key Words - Research Methods

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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 30-04-15 18:34
Sampling frame
the list of people from which a sample is selected
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Operationalisation
turning a sociological concept or theory into something measurable
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Case study
examination of a single case, often using several methods or sources
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Documents
public: produced by organisations such as the government or schools. Personal: created by individuals such as diaries or letters
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Interview schedule
the list of questions that are asked in an interview - standardises the process
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Longitudinal study
information is collected at regular intervals over an extended period of time
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Hypothesis
an untested theory or explanation expressed as a statement
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Response rate
the amount of people included in a survey who actually respond
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Sample
a smaller group selected from the larger population to take part in a study
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Open-ended questions
questions that allow the respondent to answer as they wish
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Pilot study
a small-scale trial run which is conducted before the main study in order to iron out any problems
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Qualitative data
information which is usually expressed in words about people's thoughts, feelings and attitudes. Gives an insight into another person's point of view
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Variables
any factor that can change or vary
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Content analysis
analysing the content of documents to find out how often and in what ways different types of people or events appear
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Correlation
when two or more factors vary together
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Interpretivism
focus on the meanings we create and attach to things, favour qualitative methods, believe humans have free will and choice
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Informed consent
those taking part in a study have agreed to do so and understand the purpose of the study
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Primary data
information which is collected first hand
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Objectivity
the absence of bias or preconceived ideas
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Hawthorne Effect
participants know they are being study and so change their behaviour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

turning a sociological concept or theory into something measurable

Back

Operationalisation

Card 3

Front

examination of a single case, often using several methods or sources

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

public: produced by organisations such as the government or schools. Personal: created by individuals such as diaries or letters

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the list of questions that are asked in an interview - standardises the process

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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