Sociology Key Words - Education

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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 30-04-15 18:11
Polarisation
a process that results in the creation of two opposites, e.g. pro and anti pupil subcultures
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Cultural capital
the knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes and abilities that the middle class transmit to their children
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Parentocracy
"rule by parents" - marketised education systems are based on an ideology of parental choice of school
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Correspondence principle
the way that the organisation and control of schools mirrors the workplace (Bowles and Gintis)
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Compensatory education
government education policies that seek to reduce the problem of under-achievement by providing extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas
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Educational triage
schools sort children into "hopeless cases", "those who will pass anyway" and "those with the potential to pass"
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Immediate gratification
the want for an immediate reward without regard for long-term consequences
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Labelling
attaching a definition or meaning to an individual or group. The label is often a stereotype
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Material deprivation
Poverty; the lack of basic necessities
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Selection
the process of choosing and allocating pupils to a particular school, class, stream etc.
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Speech codes
patterns or ways of using language, restricted and elaborate (Bernstein)
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Tripartite system
those who pass their 11+ and have high potential go to grammar schools, everyone else went to a secondary modern school. This system has mainly been replaced now
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Deferred gratification
postponing immediate rewards with the aim of producing a greater reward at a later date
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Ethnocentric curriculum
a curriculum which benefits and values one culture whilst disregarding others
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Comprehensive system
non-selective system where all children attend the same type of secondary school
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Marketisation
education is now based on supply and demand principles; encourages competition between schools and choice for parents
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New vocationalism
education should be about meeting the needs of the economy and so young people should be equipped with the knowledge, skills and values needed to prepare them for work
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Streaming
children are separated into different ability groups and then each group is taught separately from the others for all subjects
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Self-fulfilling prophecy
when a prediction made about an individual comes true because it discourages the pupil from trying
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Anti-school pupil subculture
formed by pupils in lower streams who reject school and its values
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes and abilities that the middle class transmit to their children

Back

Cultural capital

Card 3

Front

"rule by parents" - marketised education systems are based on an ideology of parental choice of school

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the way that the organisation and control of schools mirrors the workplace (Bowles and Gintis)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

government education policies that seek to reduce the problem of under-achievement by providing extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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