Sociology Education Key Words

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  • Created by: KCharlish
  • Created on: 19-05-15 12:46
Self fulfilling prophecy
Student gets labelled and accepts the label regardless of its accuracy
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Value Consensus
agreement among societies members about what values are important
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Streaming
where children and separated into different ability groups or classes
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Labelling theory
a theory which examines how the behaviour of individuals is shaped by the labels other people use
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Vocational Education
educational training that provides practical experience in a particular occupational field
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Achieved Status
A status that is awarded or earned e.g jobs, educational qualifications
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Ascribed Status
A status assigned at birth, e.g.based on biological differences, family characteristics etc.
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Universalistic Standards
set of rules applied uniformly to all members of a social group
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Particularistic standards
set of rules specific to an individual or group
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Anti school subculture
group of students who actively oppose the norms and values of the school
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Hidden Curriculum
things learnt by pupils without them being taught as the official curriculum. e.g punctuality and respect
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Cultural Deprivation
The theory that many working class and black children are inadequately socialised and therefore lack the 'right' culture needed for educational success
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Material Deprivation
The lack of money and/or material goods needed to succeed educationally
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Immediate gratification
a preference for immediate reward or pleasure without regard for the longer term consequences e.g leaving school at 16 to make money
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Deferred Gratification
postponing immediate rewards or pleasures, generally with the aim of producing a greater reward at a later date
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Feminisation of Education
occurred as a result of more female teachers and more focus on discussion, creativity and coursework in schools and the curriculum
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Butler Act 1944
Introduction of the tripartite system and secondary schooling for everyone
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Tripartite System
Introduction of 3 types of secondary school; grammar school, secondary modern and technical schools.
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Comprehensive System
a non selective education system where all children attend the same type of secondary schol
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Education Reform Act 1988
Introduced market principles to education to create competition and raise standards
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National Curriculum
subjects and content that must be studied by all children in all state school
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Parity of esteem
the idea that all school types/courses should be different but equal
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Compensatory Education
government educational policies that seek to tackle the problem of under achievement by giving extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas
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Meritocracy
An educational or social system where everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed and where individuals rewards and status are achieved by their own efforts and ability
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Capitalism
an economic system characterised by owners and workers
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Myth of Meritocracy
The belief that meritocracy - 'equality of opportunity with success is based on ability' - is not true
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Ideological State Apparatus
Institutions use concepts of the ruling class to convince the working class that inequality is natural and normal with their conformity and consent
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Cultural Capital
The knowledge, attitudes, values, tastes and language that the middle class transmit to their children
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Correspondence Principle
The relationship whereby school mirrors the workplace
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Counter Culture
A subculture that rejects the mainstream norms and values, creating it's own alternative culture, they reject school values.
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Social Solidarity
That education creates a sense of shared heritage and culture. Cohesion of society into one unit. e.g. through the teachings of a countries history
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Secondary Socialisation
The teaching of norms and values through education
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Role Allocation
education helps to sift individuals into jobs based on ability, the most talented achieve the highest qualifications and therefore get the best jobs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

agreement among societies members about what values are important

Back

Value Consensus

Card 3

Front

where children and separated into different ability groups or classes

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a theory which examines how the behaviour of individuals is shaped by the labels other people use

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

educational training that provides practical experience in a particular occupational field

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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