Sociology - Crime

HideShow resource information
Deviance
Actions that break social norms of society (manors, stealing, etc)
1 of 41
Crime
Actions that break the laws of society (murder, theft, fraud, etc)
2 of 41
social construction of crime and deviance
The way that is seen criminal or deviant varies from time to time and place to place
3 of 41
Social order
How society is kept under control
4 of 41
Informal social control
The way of making people behave before more official agencies take over
5 of 41
Close-Knit communities
communities that have strong links
6 of 41
Public relations
How the police get on with the community
7 of 41
Community policing
The police working with local people in their community
8 of 41
Zero tolerance policing
When the police are really strict about the smallest crimes to stop bigger ones from happening
9 of 41
Judiciary
All the legal organisations that enforce the law
10 of 41
Magistrates' court
Where the less serious cases are dealt with
11 of 41
Crown court
Where the most serious cases are tried by a jury
12 of 41
Moral panics
When the media exaggerates an issue and makes the public worry about it
13 of 41
Youth cultures
Groups of young people with their own set of norms and values
14 of 41
Folk devils
Groups that the media make people afraid of
15 of 41
Deviancy amplification
When the media makes a problem worse by the way they report it
16 of 41
White collar crime
Crimes that are committed by the middle classes, usually linked to their jobs
17 of 41
Blue collar crime
Crimes that are committed by the working classes
18 of 41
Occupational crime
Crimes that are connected to someone's job
19 of 41
Corporate crime
Crimes that are committed by big businesses
20 of 41
Youth crime
Crimes committed by 10-17 year olds
21 of 41
Delinquency
Anti-social behaviour by young people
22 of 41
Street crime
Refers to crime committed in public places
23 of 41
Anti-Social behaviour
Behaviour that breaks social norms and is a nuisance to other people
24 of 41
Feral youth
Young people that are not socialised
25 of 41
Non-sociological theories of crime
ideas about why people become criminals based on psychology and science
26 of 41
Psychological explanations
Criminal Ideas about how the mind works. Theory from Hans Eysenck
27 of 41
Biological explanations
Criminal links from the way we are born. Theory from Cesare Lombroso
28 of 41
Self-fulfilling prophecy
The idea that the labels people are given will turn out true
29 of 41
Deviant career
The path that a person labelled a criminal follows
30 of 41
Labelling
The view that people are influenced by the words others use to describe us
31 of 41
Subculture
The way of life of a small group within a society
32 of 41
Strain theory
The idea that pressure to succeed encourages people to turn to crime
33 of 41
Cultural deprivation
When individuals lack the norms and values expected by society
34 of 41
Material deprivation
When individuals lack the basic necessities for a reasonable lifestyle
35 of 41
Conviction rates
How many people from certain social groups are charged and found guilty of crimes
36 of 41
Self-report studies
When people are asked to say whether they have committed crimes in a questionnaire that is kept confidential
37 of 41
Reported crime
Crime that the public tell police about
38 of 41
Victimisation survey
A questionnaire to find out if people have been victims or crime
39 of 41
Recorded crime
Crime that the police add to their official records
40 of 41
Socially constructed
the statistics are a result of the choices the public and police make
41 of 41

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Actions that break the laws of society (murder, theft, fraud, etc)

Back

Crime

Card 3

Front

The way that is seen criminal or deviant varies from time to time and place to place

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

How society is kept under control

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The way of making people behave before more official agencies take over

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

Angel_ashmi

Nice set of question but definition.....

Really useful

Angel_ashmi

with not but 

Sorry

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Crime and deviance resources »