SOCIOLOGY

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  • Created by: heena
  • Created on: 08-04-14 23:28
Dobash and Dobash
Victimisation study of women who had reported domestic violence. 109 interviews with women who were living refuges for battered women in edinburgh and glasgow. Found that police officers were unlikely to arrest.
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British Crime Survey
discovers crimes not reported to the police. Doesn't include corporate crime, people in prison or homeless people. Big sample size. Detailed,
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Messerschmidt (1993)
Masculinity is not something natural, but rather a state that males only achieve as an accomplishment. Sex role theory- not naturally aggressive. there is no distinction between genders
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Heidensohn
criticised male dominance of subject male stream criminology. Reasons: 4 M, M,V, S - gender blind
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Heidensohn
Range of informal sanction to discourage women from committing crime. Also identifies three areas where control of women operate and which means have fewer opportunities to commit crime
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Heidensohn (2002)
Chivalry Thesis: women more likely to receive short sentences than men,
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Carlen (1988)
studied sample of women who been convicted of 1+ crimes found that mechanism of social control had broken down for many of these women. Lacking 4 controls- causing to commit crime. ACIB
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Smart (1990)
Males socialised into aggressive, self-seeking and individualistic behaviour- more disposed to committing crime. Introduced transgressive criminology
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Lyng (1990)
Edgeworking - young males search for pleasure through risk taking. Edge between security and danger and uncertainty
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Reiner
Canteen culture- Police officers have lots of pressure, long working hours etc.. In response to this police have a developed culture in which helps to deal pressures and gives sense of identity.
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Lord Scarman (1981)
Inquiry into inner city riots of 1981. Individuals in police who are racist and once these bad apples are rooted out- police force wot exhibit racism
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Skolnik (1966)
canteen culture three main components: Suspiciousness, internal solidarity and social isolation, conservatism
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Merton
Strain theory: c+d takes place due to poor fit between socially accepted goals of society and the socially approved means of obtaining the desired goals. CIRRR
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Miller (1962)
FEASTT
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Sutherland
white collar crimes- crimes committed by people of high social status, Primark Tax evasion
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Thombs and Whyte
Identify how bourgeoisie influence law making and law enforcement to protect their position in society
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Shaw and Mckay
Concentric zones- each zone had different levels of offending
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Baldwins and Bottoms
Tipping- was law abiding area moved to antisocial behaviour zone.
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Wilson and Kelling
Broken window
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Farrington et al
Older people less likely to confess their crime than when they were younger as they feel its no longer relevant.- shows how crime socially constructed and what is defined as crime changes over time.
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Quinton
Offenders who formed a stable relationship more likely to STOP offending than those who didn't have a stable relationship.
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Hirshci
Bonds of attachment
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Quinton
Rational Choice theory- criminals weight the risks and benefits of committing a crime and base tehri decisions to do upon this- idea of calculation
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Chambliss
British vagrancy laws- laws directly related to the interest of ruling class
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Wilkins
Deviancy amplification . When acts are defined as deviant, Deviants become stigmatised and cut off mainstream society, Begin to develop their own subculture.
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Paul gilroy
Empire strikes back, Black people in conflict with their white oppression in britain. they need to win space to overcome pains of racism in life.
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Gramsci
Crisis of hegemony
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Murray
Underclass- Provision of Welfare states caused a culture of dependency. Henrik Tham- related to inequality than welfare
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Square of Crime
State, victim, informal social control, the offender
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Stanko
Sexual harassment common at work. Men use it to intimidate women shoo seek to enter areas of traditional male employment, mens working environment becomes their territory. (glass ceiling)
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Cicourel
When MC juveniles arrested- less likely to be charged with an offence because of their background don't fit standard picture of delinquent
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Bandura
Hypodermic syringe model, kids imitated what adults to- copycat violence. Direct correlation between media violence and anti-social behaviour.
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Card 2

Front

discovers crimes not reported to the police. Doesn't include corporate crime, people in prison or homeless people. Big sample size. Detailed,

Back

British Crime Survey

Card 3

Front

Masculinity is not something natural, but rather a state that males only achieve as an accomplishment. Sex role theory- not naturally aggressive. there is no distinction between genders

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

criticised male dominance of subject male stream criminology. Reasons: 4 M, M,V, S - gender blind

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Range of informal sanction to discourage women from committing crime. Also identifies three areas where control of women operate and which means have fewer opportunities to commit crime

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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