absolute mobility
the total numbers of people moving up and down the social class
1 of 44
achieved status
status based on an achievement or merit
2 of 44
part of the upper class those withn titles such as lord, duke, etc.
3 of 44
ascribed status
status based on origin - family background
4 of 44
(marxism) the owners of factories, farms, mines etc.
5 of 44
the stratification system which used to be widespread in India
6 of 44
large groups at different levels in society, based on wealth, income & occupation
7 of 44
class conflict
(marxism) there is always a conflict of interests between the two main classes
8 of 44
class consciousness
(marxism) when the proletarait becomes aware that it is being exploited by the ruling class
9 of 44
when the affuent working class becomes part of the middle class
10 of 44
the different levels of society in the feudal system
11 of 44
the economic system of the middle ages
12 of 44
intergenerational mobility
social mobility between one generation and the next
13 of 44
intragenerational mobility
social mobility within one generation
14 of 44
life chances
how position in the stratification system affect the lives of individuals and groups
15 of 44
when those with talent and ability, and who put in effort, get the highest positions in society regardless of background
16 of 44
occupational scales
ways of ranking occupations to decide someone's class position
17 of 44
petty bourgeoisie
owners of small businesses, the self-employed etc.
18 of 44
(marxism) the working class
19 of 44
relative mobility
the chances of an individual from one class being mobile compared to an individual from another class being mobile
20 of 44
a group with life chances below those of the working class
21 of 44
asylum seeker
someone who enters a country and asks for protection from persecution in the country they have come from
22 of 44
ethnic group
a group sharing a culture and sense of identity
23 of 44
the classification of people into ethic groups
24 of 44
institutional racism
when the way an organisation works has the effect, possible unintentional, of discriminating against an ethnic group
25 of 44
ethnic minority
an ethnic group that is smaller and usually in an inferior position to a larger ethnic group
26 of 44
a misleading set of ideas about what a type of person is like
27 of 44
social construction
an idea that seems to be natural (such as childhood) can often be shown to vary enormously in different cultures so that what it means can be said to be socially constructed
28 of 44
chivalry factor
when men treat women more favourably
29 of 44
corporate crime
crimes committed by companies and business organisations
30 of 44
offences and anti-social behaviour by young people
31 of 44
actions which break norms and rules
32 of 44
occupational crime
crimes which are related to the jobs
33 of 44
relative deprivation
when people feel they are not well off compared to others
34 of 44
any of the ways people can be punished for breaking norms
35 of 44
when a group of people has a set of norms and values different from everyone else
36 of 44
white collar crime
crimes committed by people in middle-class jobs (businesses, offices and so on) which are related to their jobs
37 of 44
absolute poverty
not having the essentials of life
38 of 44
beveridge report
the report in 1942 which led to the setting up of the welfare state
39 of 44
contract between generations
money from taxes paid by people of working age goes to support those who are older; in return, the workers expect to be looked after in their old age
40 of 44
culture of poverty
the theory that it is the norms and values of poor people that keep them poor
41 of 44
cycle of deprevation
how poverty can be passed from one generation to the next
42 of 44
environmental poverty
not living in a physical and social environment which meets expected standards
43 of 44
services perviously provided by the public sector are provided by companies whose aim is profit
44 of 44

Other cards in this set

Card 2


achieved status


status based on an achievement or merit

Card 3




Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


ascribed status


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5




Preview of the front of card 5
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