Sociology

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 15-05-13 20:09
Formal cirriculum
Subjects that are studied and examined in schools and colleges; sociology, history for example.
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Hidden Cirriculum
What schools teach students through day-to-day school life; ie this is not part of the formal timetable. This will reflect society's attitudes and values and prepare students for the future role and future place in society.
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informal education/learning
Non-directed learning that occurs outside the classroom and does not have a curriculum to follow.
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Segregation
Separating students, often males and females, and so giving them different experiences and opportunities in school. This could be through single-sex schooling or through keeping them apart within a mixed gender environment.
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Gender division of labour
is when the roles in the family are split up according to your gender for example, the men go out to paid work and the women do the housework and childcare
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Separated conjugal roles
where the married couple have separate roles, and also separate leisure activities
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Cohabitation
An act where a couple live together and have a sexual relationship without being married
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Patriarchal family
where the husband is in charge of the family and where the women are oppressed by them (feminst view of family)
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New right view on the nuclear family
They believe children from the nuclear family: - do better in school, - do better in employment and - do not engage in crime.
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Functionalist view on the family
They believe that this family fits the wider needs of society
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Femenist view on the family
They believe that the woman is exploited in the New Right family and becomes nothing but an unpaid servant. They also believe that the function of this family is to enforce male dominance within in a patriarchal society.
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Meritocracy
A society where a person's ability determines how well they do in life in terms of their social status and wealth.
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Material deprivation
Not having the money needed to buy items that help children succeed in education.
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Labelling
Thinking a group of people in a particular way that determines how well you behave towards them
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Anti-school-subculture
A small group of pupils who do not value education and behave and think in a way that is completely opposite to the aims of a school.
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Peer pressure
When a group of a similar age to a person influences them to act or think in a particular way.
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Compliance
To do what is wanted and expected of you, to follow orders and rules.
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Conform
To accept what you are told and so behave and think in the way that is expected of you.
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Househusband
A man with the main responsibility for domestic tasks and childcare, whose partner is the breadwinner.
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Dark side of the family
A situation in which family life damages it's members.
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Domestic violence
Threatening behaviour, violence, or abuse committed by one family member against another.
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Conjugal roles
The roles of husbands and wives or couples who are living together as partners.
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Housewife
An unpaid role which made wives financially dependant on their husbands.
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Symmetrical family
A family in which conjugal roles are similar but no identical.
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Serial monogamy
A person has more than one marriage partner in their lifetime. The main reason for increased serial monogamy is increased divorce rate.
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Boomerang family
A family in which non-dependant children return home to live with their parents.`
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Lone-parent family
A mother or father living without a partner and their dependant child(ren)
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Reconstituted family
A family in which one or both partners has been married/ cohabitated before and has a child or children, creating step-relationship.
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Beanpole family
A tall, narrow extended family often containing four/five generations.
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Secular society
A society that is not ruled by religious beliefs.
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Matriliocal
Living with/near to the wife's family.
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Patrilocal
Living with or near to the husbands family.
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Neolocal
The couple set up their own family.
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Culture
The way of life for a group of people, it is learned and shared. The main parts of culture include knowledge, skills, social norms, values and beliefs.
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Identity
How you see yourself and how other see us./
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Social roles
Parts we play in society; each role has its own social norms which tell us how we should act in that roles.
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Family
Consists of people we are related to by ties of blood, marriage, adoption, civil partnership or cohabitation.
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Norms
The rules within a culture (e.g. No killing)
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Values
Ideas about what is worthwhile and important in a culture (e.g. No killing).
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Socialisation
The process of learning to become a member of society.
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Dual burdern
A situation where women combine the responsibilities with paid work with the mother-housewife role.
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Sexism
Discriminating against or expressing negative views/stereotypes against a particular gender.
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Cultural deprivation
Having insufficient knowledge of the culture, norms, values and customs that help children to do well in education.
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Self-fulfilling prophecy
Often a reaction to being labelled, where a person acts in the way that other people expect them to act.
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Streaming
Students are taught with the same class for all the subjects based on their general ability.
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Setting
Students are put into differnt subjects depending on their ability.
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Divorce
The legal dissolution of a marriage.
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Marriage
A partnership recognized by law.
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Mixed ability
Students of various abilities are taught together in the same class.
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Public school
Higher status private schools with very high fees.
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National cirriculum
Subjects and tests that the government has decided must be done in all state schools.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Hidden Cirriculum

Back

What schools teach students through day-to-day school life; ie this is not part of the formal timetable. This will reflect society's attitudes and values and prepare students for the future role and future place in society.

Card 3

Front

informal education/learning

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Segregation

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Gender division of labour

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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