Sociology - Unit 1

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Primary Data
Data collected and used for the first time.
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Qualitative Data
Data in words.
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Quantitative Data
Numerical Data.
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consistently good in quality or performance; able to be trusted.
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a small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like. Used for analysing.
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Sampling frame
a list of the items or people forming a population from which a sample is taken.
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Secondary data
Data that has already been collected previously by another person.
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the quality of being logically or factually sound; soundness or cogency.
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A failed school taken over by the government in attempt to raise achievement.
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Anti-school subculture
Groups that reject school rules and don't conform at school, they earn status from their peers by not conforming.
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the position or status of being a citizen of a particular country.
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Comprehensive System
A secondary school that accepts all children regardless of their ability.
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Formal Curriculum
the planned programme of objectives, content, learning experiences, resources and assessment offered by a school. It is sometimes called the 'official curriculum'.
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Ethnocentric Curriculum
Some sociologists have argued that the National Curriculum is ethnocentric, which means that it teaches British values and culture as being dominant over others (Coard, Gillborn).
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Free Schools
A school set up and run by parents or a community group.
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Hidden Curriculum
Indirectly reflects societies values and prepares students for their place in society and their future work role.
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Home Education
Teaching children at home rather than at school, usually by parents or private tutors.
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Independent School
A school that is independant in its finances - does not get help from the government.
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Intelligence Quotient
a number representing a person's reasoning ability (measured using problem-solving tests) as compared to the statistical norm or average for their age, taken as 100.
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the exposure of an industry or service to market forces.
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Material Deprivation
The lack of material resources in relation to financial situation.
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Achieving through hard work and effort.
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Private/Public Schools
Schools that charge fees.
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Tripartite System
Children take the 11+ exam to decide what school they go to. 75% - Secondary Modern 20% - Grammar School 5% -Technical College
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Dividing students into classes based on ability.
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League Tables
A resource that ranks schools from best to worst in terms of results produced - including GCSE and A Level.
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State Schools
a school that is funded and controlled by the state and for which no fees are charged.
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Vocational Education
Work based learning.
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Beanpole Families
A multigenerational family that is vertically ordered.
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the offence of marrying someone while already married to another person.
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Birth rate
the number of live births per thousand of population per year.
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a person who earns money to support their family, typically the sole one.
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Where parents value their childs opinion and needs more than their own, results in closer, warmer parent/child relationships.
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Civil Partnership
Marriage between those of the same sex.
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Living with someone whilst in a relationship but without being married.
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a group of people living together and sharing possessions and responsibilities.
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Conjugal Roles
domestic chores that are either joint (shared equally) or segregated (separated unequally).
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Death rate
the number of deaths per one thousand people per year.
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the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations.
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Domestic Abuse
Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults who are or have been intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality
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Domestic division of labour
The division of tasks, roles, and duties within the household.
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Divorce Rate
the number of divorces occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year.
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Extended families
Includes relatives beyond the nuclear family, living under one roof.
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Empty nest
The stage in a family's cycle when the children have grown up and left home to begin their own adult lives.
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Fertility Rate
number of live births per 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 44 years.
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all of the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively.
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All the people living together in a domestic dwelling.
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A married woman whose main occupation is caring for her family, managing household affairs, and doing housework.
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Lone parent family
Consists of one parent and a child or children.
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Matriarchal family
a family, society, community, or state governed by women.
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Occurs when a person marries then divorces, then remarries and divorces and so on Eg: Henry VIII
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New Man
The idea that man has become more independent and has begun to share womens roles.
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Nuclear family
Consists of a father, a mother and their dependant (biological) child or children.
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The feminist belief that society is dominated and run by men for the profit of men.
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When a person has one or more husband/s or wife/s - illegal in britain.
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Reconstituted family
A step family.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Data in words.


Qualitative Data

Card 3


Numerical Data.


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Card 4


consistently good in quality or performance; able to be trusted.


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Card 5


a small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like. Used for analysing.


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