Sociology Theorists

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Talcott Parson’s (1995)
He argues that there is a clear division of labour between men and women. He argues that the husband has an instrumental role and women has an expressive role in the family. He argues that this division of labour is based on biological differences. D
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Michael Young and Peter Willmott (1962) (criticised Parsons)
They argue that men are now doing more of the domestic tasks and women are becoming wage earners. They take the ‘March of Progress’ view. They argue that the fact that women go out to work more leads to a more equal division of labour within the fam
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Elizabeth Bott (1957)
Two types of conjugal roles Segregated conjugal roles Joint conjugal roles
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Feminist Ann Oakley (1974) (criticises Young and Willmott)
She argues that the claims of Young and Willmott's views are exaggerated.
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Jonathan Gersbury (1994)
He argues that women working full-time is leading to more equal division of labour.
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Dale Southerton (2011)
He argues that although some studies show that men and women have more or less equal amounts of leisure time, they have different experience of it.
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Rosemary Crompton and Claire Lyonette (2008)
Two different explanations for the unequal division of labour: The cultural or ideological explanation of inequality The material or economic explanation of inequality In patriarchal society, the cultural definition of men and decision making is igno
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Michelle Barrett and Mary McIntosh (1991)
Men gain far more from women's domestic work than they give back in financial support Financial support husbands give to their wives are often unpredictable Men usually make the decisions about spending on important items
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Feminist Jan Pahl and Carolyn Vogler (1993)
Identify two main types of control over family income: The allowance system:where men gives their wives an allowance and they have to budget that so they meet the families needs Pooling:when both partners have access to income and joint responsibilit
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Charlott Nyman (2003)
Argues that money has no automatic, fixed or natural meaning and different couples define it in different ways.
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Dobash and Dobash (1979:2007)
They found that violence incidents could be set off by what a husband saw as a challenge to his authority. They argue that marriage legitimates violence against women by conferring power and authority on husbands and dependency on wives.
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Dar
He argues that victims of domestic violence are less likely that victims of other form of violence to report the offence.
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David Cheal (1991)
He argues that the reluctance of the police is due to the fact that police and other state agencies are not prepared to become involved in the family.
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Kate Millett and Shulamith Firestone (1970)
They argue that all societies have been founded on patriarchy. They see the key division in society as between men and women. Men are the enemy. They are the oppressors and exploiters of women.
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Radical feminists in general
They see the family and marriage as the key institution in patriarchal society and the main sources of women's oppression. For radical feminists domestic violence is an inevitable feature of patriarchal society and swerves to preserve the power of me
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Faith Robertson Elliot (1996)
Rejects the radical feminist views, such as the claim that all men benefit from violence against women, Not all men are aggressive and most are oppose of domestic violence.
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Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett (2010)
see domestic violence as the result of stress on family members caused by social inequality
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Marxist feminists Fran Ansley (1872)
They see inequality causing domestic violence. Fran Ansley (1997) she describes wives as ‘takers of ****’. She argues that domestic violence is the product of capitalism. Male-workers are exploited at work and they take out their frustration on thei
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Card 2

Front

They argue that men are now doing more of the domestic tasks and women are becoming wage earners. They take the ‘March of Progress’ view. They argue that the fact that women go out to work more leads to a more equal division of labour within the fam

Back

Michael Young and Peter Willmott (1962) (criticised Parsons)

Card 3

Front

Two types of conjugal roles Segregated conjugal roles Joint conjugal roles

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

She argues that the claims of Young and Willmott's views are exaggerated.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

He argues that women working full-time is leading to more equal division of labour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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