SOCIOLOGY- theories (A2)

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DURKHEIM-rapid social change
we are naturally selfish, society creates a strong collective conscience in order to control this. to be able to help create social solidarity
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PARSONS- the organic analogy
society functions the same as the human body, every part has a function and needs to do this function in order for sociaty to be 'healthy'
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PARSONS- 4 functional prerequisites
goal attainment, adaptation, intergration and pattern maintenence
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MERTON- neo-functionalist
disagrees that not all functions of scoiety are positive eg. religion can cause harm. and not all parts of society work together
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MERTON- funtions
merton said that society has manifest (intended) and latent (un intended) functions eg and intended funtion of education is secondary socialisation but a latent function is bullying or anti-school sunbcultures.
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DURKHEIM- criticisms
there is too much diversity in society to be able to have a collective conscience. marxists- ignores class conflict. feminsits- ignores gender inequality and conflict.
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DURKHEIM- advantages
positivists agree with durkheim as he studies sociaety on a macro level and make generalistationds.
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PARSONS- criticisms
ignores the fact that not everyone shares the same values and not everyone feels like a part of society which parsons does not explain.
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PARSONS- advantages
parsons explains how we all fit into society (4 functional prerequisits)
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MERTON- criticisms
his idea of latent and manifest functions is subjective and not useful for understanding society
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MERTON- advantages
merton is the only functionalist that outlines the advantage sand disadvantages of the functions of society.
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Card 2

Front

society functions the same as the human body, every part has a function and needs to do this function in order for sociaty to be 'healthy'

Back

PARSONS- the organic analogy

Card 3

Front

goal attainment, adaptation, intergration and pattern maintenence

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

disagrees that not all functions of scoiety are positive eg. religion can cause harm. and not all parts of society work together

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

merton said that society has manifest (intended) and latent (un intended) functions eg and intended funtion of education is secondary socialisation but a latent function is bullying or anti-school sunbcultures.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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