Sociology Revision

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Family
. A fundamental social group in society typically consisting of one or two parents and their children.
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Gender
Either of the two divisions, designated female and male, by which most organisms are classified on the basis of their reproductive organs and functions; sex.
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Primary Socialisation
Primary socialisation in sociology is the acceptance and learning of a set of norms and values established through the process of socialization. Typically this is initiated by the family.
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Secondary Socialisation
Secondary socialisation refers to the process of learning what is the appropriate behaviour as a member of a smaller group within the larger society.
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Ethnicity
Ethnicity refers to cultural traits that are shared by a category of people such as language, religion, or national origin.
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Norms
In sociology, norms are social expectations that guide behaviour. Norms explain why people do what they do in given situations. For example, in the United States, it is a norm that people shake hands when they are formally introduced.
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Values
Important and lasting beliefs or ideals shared by the members of a culture about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable.
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Household
All the people living together in a domestic dwellings.
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Nuclear Family
A family group consisting of the father, mother, and their dependent children.
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Dependant Child
A person living in the household who is under 16 years of age but is in full time education.
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Breadwinner
The person in the household who is the main income earner.
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Extended Family
A family composed of the nuclear family and other relatives.
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Generation
A group of people who live during the same time period.
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Matrifocal
A family organised by and focused on the mother.
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Census
A survey of all the people and households in the country, held every decade. (UK)
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Cohabiting
Partners living together without being married.
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Reconstituted Family
A new family formed when two when two adults remarry or cohabit and live together with children from a previous relationship.
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Cereal Packet Family
The traditional image of the nuclear family presented through the media involving clearly defined male and female roles.
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Conjugal Bond
The attachment that exist between marriage partners.
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Stereotype
Over exaggerated views.
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Neo - Conventional Family
The new nuclear family in which both of the couple are working.
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Marriage
A legally recognised union of a man and a woman by religion or a civil ceremony.
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Monogamy
The practice of being married to only one person at a time.
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Bigamy
The illegal practice in a monogamous society of having more than one spouse.
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Divorce
The legal ending of a marriage.
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Serial Monogamy
A pattern of divorce and monogamous remarriage.
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Polygamy
The accepted practice in some societies of having more than one spouse.
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Polygyny
The accepted practice in some societies of a man having more than one wife.
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Integrated Conjugal Roles
Husband and Wife perform similar tasks and have a number of common interest interest and activities.
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Card 2

Front

Either of the two divisions, designated female and male, by which most organisms are classified on the basis of their reproductive organs and functions; sex.

Back

Gender

Card 3

Front

Primary socialisation in sociology is the acceptance and learning of a set of norms and values established through the process of socialization. Typically this is initiated by the family.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Secondary socialisation refers to the process of learning what is the appropriate behaviour as a member of a smaller group within the larger society.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ethnicity refers to cultural traits that are shared by a category of people such as language, religion, or national origin.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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