SOCIOLOGY- key words (A2)

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Anomie
normlessness- the absence of norms and values
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Collective conscience
shared norms and values
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Social solidarity
people feel part of a bigger picture rather than feeling alone. this is how society controls selfish impulses and creates order and harmony
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Goal attainment
all societies need to set goals and have the means to achieve these goals.
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Adaptation
societies must have the necessities for humans to survive which are achieved by the economy.
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Intergration
people need to feel part of society, achieved by socialisation into shared normas and values.
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Macro
making generalisations about society and things that happen in society.
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Micro
looking at small parts of society to collect qualitative data
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Capitalism
an economic system where the minority owns the forces of production and wealth.
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Prolateriat
majority of society which works for and is exploited by the bourgeosie
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Bourgeosie
minority of society which holds the wealth of society
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Communism
everyone in society is equal and all privaqte property would be abolished.
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Polarisation
the two classes become increasingly seperate, with a smaller ruling class and a large working class.
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Pauperisation
there is an increase in extreme poverty amongst the working class as umemployment increases.
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Monopolisation
smaller businesses disppear becaus eof increased competition, the remaining firms become larger and so have a monopoly in business.
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False conciousness
the working class does not realise they are being exploited.
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Class conciousness
realising the common interests between the classes.
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economic determinist
believing everything in society is based on and controlled by the economy.
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Structuralist marxism
takes a structuralist and positivist approach
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Humanist marxism
takes a more action theory and interpretivist approach.
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The ideological state apparatus
the parts of society which transmit ruling class idea and beliefs eg. family and education.
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The repressive state apparatus
these are parts of society that control people by force eg police, courts, the army and prisons
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Patriarchy
male dominance in society over women
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

shared norms and values

Back

Collective conscience

Card 3

Front

people feel part of a bigger picture rather than feeling alone. this is how society controls selfish impulses and creates order and harmony

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

all societies need to set goals and have the means to achieve these goals.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

societies must have the necessities for humans to survive which are achieved by the economy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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