Sociology Key Terms-Studying Society

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Agents of Socialisation
Individuals responsible for socialising others. e.g parents
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Culture
The customs, habits and way of life of people, passed on from one generation to the next
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Customs
Repeated actions with meanings, such as birthday parties.
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Nature/Nurture
The debate about the extent to which we are affected by our genetic inheritance and instinct and our environment and society.
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Ethnic group
Groups with a shared history, culture and identity.
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Ethical Considerations
Ensuring social research doesn't harm participants. e.g anonymity and confidentiality.
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Longitudinal Studies
Studies following the same people over a long period of time.
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Hierachy
A system where members of a group or society are ranked by their status or authority.
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Status
The honour or prestige attached to a person's position in society.
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Values
Beliefs held by a person or social group that help to build a set of norms.
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Stratification
The division of society into different groups.
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Values
Beliefs held by a person or social group that help to build a set of norms.
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Primary Socialisation
Process of learning customs, norms and values of culture, e.g early life via family or school.
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Secondary socialisation
Process of learning customs,norm and values of culture e.g. school, work, peers, media
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Stereotype
Simple, fixed image( often negative) of a group of people based on behavior and characteristics of a few.
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Social Structure
way of organizing society into differentiated social groups, eg class system.
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Social Processes
the series of social interactions and events that cause a thing to happen e.g. socialization.
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Prejudice
Pre-judging people based on characteristics, gender , ethnicity or cl***.
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Norms
An informal rule that guides behaviour in paritcular situations.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The customs, habits and way of life of people, passed on from one generation to the next

Back

Culture

Card 3

Front

Repeated actions with meanings, such as birthday parties.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The debate about the extent to which we are affected by our genetic inheritance and instinct and our environment and society.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Groups with a shared history, culture and identity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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