sociology- functions of the family

Functionalism- Murdock
Murdock argues that the family performs four essential functions to meet the needs of society and its members: stable satisfaction of the sex drive, reproduction of the next generation, socialisation of the young, meeting its members' economic needs.
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Functionalism- Parsons
According to Parsons, the nuclear family fits the needs of industrial society and is the dominant family type in that society, while the extended family fits the needs of the pre-industrial society.
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Marxism
Marxist sociologists see capitalist society as based on an unequal conflict between two social classes: capitalist class (owns the means of production) and the working class (whose labour the capitalists exploit for profit).
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Marxism- idealogical functions
Marxists argue thta family today performs key ideological functions for capitalism. one way in which the family does this is by socialising children into the idea that hierachy and inequality is inevitable.
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Marxism- idealogical functions (Eli Zaretsky)
According to Zaretsky, family also performs an ideological function by offering an apparent 'haven' from the harsh and exploitive world of capitalism.
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Marxism- a unit of consumption
Capitalism exploits the labour of the workers, making a profit. the family therefore plays a major role in generating profits, since it is an important market for the sale of consumers goods.
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Marxism- a unit of consumption
Advertisers urge families to 'keep up with the Joneses' by consuming all the latest products. The media target children, who use pester power to persuade parents to spend more. children who lack latest stuff are mocked and stigmitised by their peers
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Feminism- Liberal Feminists
They hold a view similar to the 'march of progress' theorists such as Willmott and Young. Although they do not believe full gender equality has yet been achieved in the family, they argue there hasbeen a gradual process.
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Feminism- Marxist Feminists
Women reproduce the labour force through their unpaid domestic labour. Women absorb anger (Ansley)- describes wives as 'takers of ****'. Women are a 'reserve army' of cheap labour.
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Feminism- Radical Feminists
They argue that men are the enemy and benefit from women's unpaid domestic labour and their sexual services. Solve this through seperatism and political lesbianism.
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Feminism- Difference Feminists
Argue that we cannot generalise about women's experiences as they're all from nuclear family perspectives. White feminists neglect black women's experience of racial oppression.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

According to Parsons, the nuclear family fits the needs of industrial society and is the dominant family type in that society, while the extended family fits the needs of the pre-industrial society.

Back

Functionalism- Parsons

Card 3

Front

Marxist sociologists see capitalist society as based on an unequal conflict between two social classes: capitalist class (owns the means of production) and the working class (whose labour the capitalists exploit for profit).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Marxists argue thta family today performs key ideological functions for capitalism. one way in which the family does this is by socialising children into the idea that hierachy and inequality is inevitable.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

According to Zaretsky, family also performs an ideological function by offering an apparent 'haven' from the harsh and exploitive world of capitalism.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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