Sociology- Education - Policies

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  • Created by: leahwlod
  • Created on: 31-03-16 13:03
How has Marketisation created an 'education market'?
By reducing direct state control over education and by increasing both competition between schools and parental choice of school.
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What policies have been introduced to promote marketisation?
Publication of league tables and Ofsted inspection reports, businesss sponsorship of schools, open enrolment, specialist schools, schools having to compete to attract pupils, and introduction of tuition fees for higher education
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Who promotes parentocracy in marketisation?
Miriam Davis, she describes marketisation as a 'parentocracy'. Supporters of marketisation argue that in an education market, power shifts away from the producers to the consumers.
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What do critics argue about the reproduction of inequality?
Critics argue that it has increased inequalities. Ball and Whitty note how marketisation policies such as league tables reproduce class inequalities by creating inequalities between schools
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How does publishing league tables ensure that schools achieve good results?
Parents are more attracted to those with good league table rankings. This encourages cream-skimming and silt-shifting
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What is cream-skimming?
'Good' schools can be more selective. choose their own customers and recruit high achieving, mainly middle-class pupils. As a result, these pupils gain an advantage.
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What is silt-shifting?
'Good' schools can avoid taking less able pupils who are likely to get poor results and damage the school's league table position.
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What is the funding formula?
Schools are allocated funds by a formula based on how many pupils they attract.
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How does funding formula affect popular schools?
Popular schools get more funds and so can afford better-qualified teachers and better facilities. Again, their popularity allows them to be more selective and attracts more able or ambitious, generally middle-class applicants.
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How does funding formula affect unpopular schools?
Unpopular schools lose income and find it difficult to match the teacher skills and facilities of their more successful rivals. Unpopular schools fail to attract pupils and their funding is further reduced.
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How does marketisation benefit middle-class according to Gerwitz?
Not only do marketisation policies benefit the middle-class by creating inequalities between schools, marketisation also advantages middle-class parents, whose economic and cultural capital puts them in a better position to choose 'good' schools.
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What was found from Gerwitz study of 14 London secondary schools?
Gerwitz found that differences in parents' economic and cultural capital lead to class differences in how far they can exercise choice of secondary school.
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Card 2

Front

What policies have been introduced to promote marketisation?

Back

Publication of league tables and Ofsted inspection reports, businesss sponsorship of schools, open enrolment, specialist schools, schools having to compete to attract pupils, and introduction of tuition fees for higher education

Card 3

Front

Who promotes parentocracy in marketisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do critics argue about the reproduction of inequality?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does publishing league tables ensure that schools achieve good results?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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