Sociology - Education part 2

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  • Created by: jade.l.m
  • Created on: 26-02-16 21:43
Correspondence Principle
Developed by Marxist theorists Bowles and Gintis to suggest that what happens in school, mirrors what happens in the work - place. They see education as a direct preparation for the child's future role (unequal division of labour).
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Cultural Capital - Bourdieu (1973)
Argues that middle class parents endow their children with a cultural capital (cultural competence, social skills and language that is 'better' than the working class). Schools favour competencies but fail to teach them to working class children.
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Cultural Deprivation
The notion that failure of certain types of groups of children is due to their culturally deprived background . Pupils who were failing, particularly black children, had a very rich culture which was ignored/misunderstood.
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Cultural Reproduction (associated with Marxist theory)
Social relationships of superiority and subservience (based on class structure) are recreated generation by generation. This links to ideological hegemony so working class children will get working class jobs.
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Comprehensive school
A state school that does not select its intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude.
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Compensatory education
Policies intended to offset the effects of socio-economic disadvantage which may restrict the educational opportunities of children from socially deprived backgrounds.
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Curriculum 2000
Refers to the change in post-16 education whereby A levels have been replaced by AS and A2
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Education Priority Areas
Refers to designated areas of England and Wales identified by the Plowden Report 1967 as regions in need of particular support in primary education (due to high levels of social disadvantage). They received extra resources and teachers.
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Educational Action Zone
Labour government set this up to help failing schools . Mostly primary and few secondary. They are run by a varied group of people and they don't have to follow national curriculum subjects but they focus on basic skills (literacy and numeracy)
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Elaborate and Restricted Language Codes
Bernstein refers to elaborate speech codes as those used by the middle class (complex sentence structures, context free and ability to describe abstract concepts). Working class children are at a disadvantage as they speak less formally (restricted)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Argues that middle class parents endow their children with a cultural capital (cultural competence, social skills and language that is 'better' than the working class). Schools favour competencies but fail to teach them to working class children.

Back

Cultural Capital - Bourdieu (1973)

Card 3

Front

The notion that failure of certain types of groups of children is due to their culturally deprived background . Pupils who were failing, particularly black children, had a very rich culture which was ignored/misunderstood.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Social relationships of superiority and subservience (based on class structure) are recreated generation by generation. This links to ideological hegemony so working class children will get working class jobs.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A state school that does not select its intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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